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S2 (missile)

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S2
S2 SSBS displayed at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace at Le Bourget.
TypeMRBM
Place of originFrance
Service history
In service1971-1984
Used byFrench Air Force
Production history
ManufacturerAérospatiale
Specifications
Mass31,900 kg (70,300 lb)
Length14.8 m (49 ft)
Diameter1.5 m (4 ft 11 in)
Warhead1 × MR 31 nuclear warhead, 120 kilotonnes

EngineTwo-stage Solid-fuel rocket
534 kN (120,000 lbf)
Operational
range
3,000 km (1,900 mi)
Guidance
system
Inertial
Launch
platform
Silo, Plateau d'Albion

The S2 was the first deployed French land-based strategic missile, equipped with a single nuclear warhead of 120 kilotonnes. In French it is called a Sol-Sol Balistique Stratégique, (SSBS or "ground-ground strategic ballistic missile"). The S2 was a two-stage, solid-propellant medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM).[1]

Operational history

Deployed in 1971, the main land-based component of the French nuclear deterrent (force de dissuasion) was the S2 missile, rounding out their strategic nuclear triad along with air and submarine assets. Two groups totalling 18 S2 missile silos were deployed at Apt-Saint-Christol airbase, on the Plateau d'Albion in the Vaucluse region.

The S2 was replaced by the S3 SSBS in the early 1980s.

References

  1. ^ "SSBS S02". Astronautix.com. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010.
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S2 (missile)
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