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Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy

Satellite galaxy of the Milky Way / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy (Sgr dSph), also known as the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (Sgr dE or Sag DEG), is an elliptical loop-shaped satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. It contains four globular clusters in its main body,[8] with the brightest of them—NGC 6715 (M54)—being known well before the discovery of the galaxy itself in 1994. Sgr dSph is roughly 10,000 light-years in diameter, and is currently about 70,000 light-years from Earth, travelling in a polar orbit (an orbit passing over the Milky Way's galactic poles) at a distance of about 50,000 light-years from the core of the Milky Way (about one third of the distance of the Large Magellanic Cloud). In its looping, spiraling path, it has passed through the plane of the Milky Way several times in the past.[9] In 2018 the Gaia project of the European Space Agency showed that Sgr dSph had caused perturbations in a set of stars near the Milky Way's core, causing unexpected rippling movements of the stars triggered when it moved past the Milky Way between 300 and 900 million years ago.[10]

Quick facts: Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy[1], Obser...
Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy[1]
The Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy in Aitoff allsky view
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension18h 55m 19.5s[2]
Declination−30° 32 43[2]
Redshift140 ± ? km/s[2]
Distance65 ± 7 kly (20 ± 2 kpc)[3][4]
Apparent magnitude (V)4.5[2]
Mass4×108[5] M
Apparent size (V)450.0′ × 216.0′[2]
Notable featuresHeading for a collision
with the Milky Way
Other designations
Sag DEG,[6] Sgr dSph,[2] Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal,[2] Sgr I Dwarf,[2] PGC 4689212[7]