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Samuel Oschin telescope

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The Samuel Oschin telescope, also called the Oschin Schmidt, is a 48-inch-aperture (1.22 m) Schmidt camera at the Palomar Observatory in northern San Diego County, California. It consists of a 49.75-inch Schmidt corrector plate and a 72-inch (f/2.5) mirror. The instrument is strictly a camera; there is no provision for an eyepiece to look through it. It originally used 10- and 14-inch glass photographic plates. Since the focal plane is curved, these plates had to be preformed in a special jig before being loaded into the camera.

Quick facts: Alternative names, Named after, Par...
Samuel Oschin telescope
Alternative namesOschin Schmidt OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Named afterSamuel Oschin OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Part ofPalomar Observatory OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Location(s)San Diego County, California
Coordinates33°21′29″N 116°51′43″W OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Built1939–1948 (1939–1948) OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Telescope styleoptical telescope
Schmidt camera OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Diameter48 in (1.2 m) OOjs_UI_icon_edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Location of Samuel Oschin telescope
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Construction on the Schmidt telescope began in 1939 and it was completed in 1948. It was named the Samuel Oschin telescope in 1986. Before that it was just called the 48-inch Schmidt.[1]

In the mid-1980s, the corrector plate was replaced using glass with less chromatic aberration, producing higher quality images over a broader spectrum.[2]

Between 2000 and 2001, it was converted to use a CCD imager. The corrector plate was recently replaced using glass that is transparent to a wider range of wavelengths.[when?] The telescope was originally hand-guided through one of two 10-inch-aperture (0.25 m) refracting telescopes mounted on either side. The camera is now fully automated and remote-controlled. The data collected are transmitted over the High Performance Wireless Research and Education Network (HPWREN). It is programmed and operated primarily from Pasadena, California, with no operator on site, except to open and close the observatory dome.