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Shihab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi

Persian philosopher and founder of the school of Illuminationism / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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"Shihāb ad-Dīn" Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardī[4] (Persian: شهاب‌الدین سهروردی, also known as Sohrevardi) (1154–1191) was a Persian[5][6][7] philosopher and founder of the Iranian school of Illuminationism, an important school in Islamic philosophy. The "light" in his "Philosophy of Illumination" is the source of knowledge. He is referred to by the honorific title Shaikh al-ʿIshraq "Master of Illumination" and Shaikh al-Maqtul "the Murdered Master", in reference to his execution for heresy.[8] Mulla Sadra, the Persian sage of the Safavid era described Suhrawardi as the "Reviver of the Traces of the Pahlavi (Iranian) Sages",[9] and Suhrawardi, in his magnum opus "The Philosophy of Illumination", thought of himself as a reviver or resuscitator of the ancient tradition of Persian wisdom.[10]

Quick facts: Shihāb ad-Dīn Yahya ibn Habash ibn Amirak as-...
Shihāb ad-Dīn Yahya ibn Habash ibn Amirak as-Suhrawardī
Manuscript of Suhrawardi's Hikmat al-Ishraq. Copy created in post-Seljuq Iran, dated 13 October 1220
Died1191 (aged 3637)
ReligionIslam,[1] Shafi Sunni[2]
SchoolPerennial philosophy[3]
Other namesSohrevardi, Shihab al-Din
Senior posting
Based inSuhraward
Period in office12th century