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Sialkot (Punjabi, Urdu: سيالكوٹ) is a city located in Punjab, Pakistan. It is the capital of the Sialkot District and is the 13th most populous city in Pakistan.[10][5] The boundaries of Sialkot are joined with Jammu (the winter capital of Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir) in the north east, the districts of Narowal in the southeast, Gujranwala in the southwest and Gujrat in the northwest.

Quick facts: Sialkot سیالکوٹ, Country, Province, Divis...
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Clock Tower, Fatima Jinnah Park, Sialkot Gate, Sialkot International Airport
Municipal Corporation Sialkot
City of Iqbal[1]
Sialkot is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Location in Pakistan
Sialkot is located in Pakistan
Sialkot (Pakistan)
Coordinates: 32°29′33″N 74°31′52″E
CountryFlag_of_Pakistan.svg Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
  TypeMunicipal Corporation
  MayorNone (Vacant)[3]
  Deputy MayorNone (Vacant)[3]
  District Police OfficerOmar Saeed Malik[4]
  Deputy CommissionerAdnan Mahmood Awan[4]
  City135 km2 (52 sq mi)
  Rank13th, Pakistan
  Density4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal code
Calling code052
Old nameSagala[7][8] or Sakala[9]
WebsiteMunicipal Corporation Sialkot

Sialkot is believed to be the successor of Sagala, the capital of the Madra kingdom razed by Alexander the Great in 326 BCE, and then made the capital of the Indo-Greek kingdom by Menander I in the 2nd century BCE—a time during which the city greatly prospered as a major center for trade and Buddhist thought.[11] In the 6th century CE, it was again made capital of the Taank Kingdom, which ruled North Punjab for the next two centuries. Sialkot continued to be a major political centre until it was eclipsed by Lahore around the turn of the first millennium CE.[12] The city rose again in prominence during the British era and is now one of Pakistan's most important industrial centers. The city is also the birthplace of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Pakistan's national poet.[13]

The city has been noted for its entrepreneurial spirit and productive business climate that has made Sialkot an example of a small Pakistani city that emerged as a "world-class manufacturing hub."[14] The relatively small city exported approximately $2.5 billion worth of goods in 2017, or about 10% of Pakistan's total exports.[14][15]

The city has been labelled as the Football manufacturing capital of the World,[16] as it produces over 70% of footballs manufactured in the world.[17] Sialkot is also home to the Sialkot International Airport; Pakistan's first privately owned public airport.[14] Along with the nearby cities of Gujranwala and Gujrat, Sialkot forms part of the so-called "Golden Triangle" of industrial cities with export-oriented economies.[18][19] Through exports, Sialkot-based industries are obtaining foreign exchange to more than $2.5 billion annually to strengthen the national exchequer.[20] Sialkot has a GDP(nominal) of $13 Billions, which make it 4th largest in Pakistan.