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The Socratic method (also known as method of Elenchus, elenctic method, Socratic Tradition, or Socratic debate) is a form of argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions. It is named after the Classical Greek philosopher Socrates. In Plato's Theaetetus, Socrates describes his method as midwifery (maieutics) because it is employed to help his interlocutors develop their understanding—this development is compared to the growth of a child in the womb.
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The Socratic method searches for general commonly held truths that shape beliefs and scrutinizes them to determine their consistency with other beliefs. The basic form is a series of questions formulated as tests of logic and fact intended to help a person or group discover their beliefs about some topic, explore definitions, and characterize general characteristics shared by various particular instances.