Dialect of the Kurdish language, spoken in Iran and Iraq / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Sorani Kurdish or Central Kurdish (کوردیی ناوەندی/Kurdî Nawendî), also called Sorani (سۆرانی/Soranî), is a Kurdish dialect[3][4][5] or a language[6][7] that is spoken in Iraq, mainly in Iraqi Kurdistan, as well as the provinces of Kurdistan, Kermanshah, and West Azerbaijan in western Iran. Sorani is one of the two official languages of Iraq, along with Arabic, and is in administrative documents simply referred to as "Kurdish".[8][9]

Quick facts: Central Kurdish / Sorani, Native to, Reg...
Central Kurdish / Sorani
Kurdî Nawendî / Soranî
کوردیی ناوەندی / سۆرانی
Central Kurdish and Sorani written in the Sorani alphabet
Native toIran and Iraq
Native speakers
8 million (2021 estimate)[1]
  • Babanî (Silêmanî)
  • Mukriyanî
  • Erdelanî
  • Germiyanî
  • Hewlêrî (Hawleri)
Sorani Kurdish alphabet (Perso-Arabic script)
Official status
Official language in
Flag_of_Iraq.svg Iraq
Flag_of_Kurdistan.svg Kurdistan Region[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ckb
Geographic distribution of Kurdish and other Iranian languages spoken by Kurds
A Sorani Kurdish speaker, recorded in Norway.

The term Sorani, named after the former Soran Emirate, is used especially to refer to a written, standardized form of Central Kurdish written in the Sorani alphabet developed from the Arabic alphabet in the 1920s by Sa'ed Sidqi Kaban and Taufiq Wahby.[10]