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A spermatophyte (lit. 'seed-bearing plants'; from Ancient Greek σπέρματος (spérmatos) 'seed', and φυτόν (phytón) 'plant'), also known as phanerogam (taxon Phanerogamae) or phaenogam (taxon Phaenogamae), is any plant that produces seeds, hence the alternative name seed plant. Spermatophytes are a subset of the embryophytes or land plants. They include most familiar types of plants, including all flowering plants and gymnosperms, but exclude some other types of plants such as ferns, mosses, and algae.
Temporal range: Famennian–Present
|Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris, a member of the Pinophyta|
|Sycamore maple, Acer pseudoplatanus, a member of the Eudicots|
The term phanerogams or phanerogamae is derived from the Greek φανερός (phanerós), meaning "visible", in contrast to the cryptogamae (from Ancient Greek κρυπτός (kruptós) 'hidden'), together with the suffix γαμέω (gaméō), meaning "to marry". These terms distinguished those plants with hidden sexual organs (cryptogamae) from those with visible sexual organs (phanerogamae).