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A subhelic arc is a rare halo, formed by internal reflection through ice crystals, that curves upwards from the horizon and touches the tricker arc above the anthelic point. Subhelic arcs are a result of ray entrance and exit through prism end faces with two intermediate internal reflections.
A subhelic arc is formed when sun rays enter one end face of an ice crystal in singly oriented columns and Parry columns, reflect off two of the crystals side faces, and exits the crystal through the opposite end face. The ray leave the crystal in the exact opposite angle, resulting in a net deviation angle of 120°, the angle for the formation of 120° parhelia.
The subhelic arc touches the top of the tricker arc, an indication the two have closely related ray paths.
- Infralateral arc
- Wegener arc
- Cowley, South Pole Halos - Zenith View
- Cowley, South Pole Halos - Anthelic View
- Vornhusen, First Report on the Danzig Halo Display
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