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Sudanese Communist Party – Revolutionary Leadership

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Sudanese Communist Party – Revolutionary Leadership
Founded1965
Split fromSudanese Communist Party
IdeologyCommunism

Sudanese Communist Party – Revolutionary Leadership (Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي السوداني - القيادة الثورية‎) was a communist party in Sudan. It emerged as a pro-Chinese split, after internal division inside the Sudanese Communist Party in August 1964.[1][2][3] The split in the Sudanese Communist Party was provoked by the Sino-Soviet split.[4][5] Whilst the Sudanese Communist Party leadership supported participating in Central Council election under the regime of Ibrahim Abboud in 1963, the faction that created the Revolutionary Leadership rejected electoral politics and called for armed struggle.[6] Some of the founders of the new party had been expelled from the Sudanese Communist Party after accusing the party general secretary for misappropriation of funds provided by the Soviet embassy. Others had left voluntarily.[4] The Revolutionary Leadership was led by Yusuf Abd' al-Majid.[6] On November 12, 1965 the Sudanese Communist Party denounced the Revolutionary Leadership as an 'agent organization', citing Chinese interference.[2] The Revolutionary Leadership sent a delegation to the 1966 5th Party Congress of the Party of Labour of Albania.[7]

The Communist Party - Revolutionary Leadership failed to gain a mass following.[5][6] By 1966 the party had split into three factions, "A", "B" and "C".[6] The party called for boycott of the 1968 elections.[8] After the May 25, 1969 coup, state repression virtually paralyzed the workings of all the remnants of the party.[6] Commenting on the post-coup repression the Chinese news agency Hsinhua stated that "[j]ust as the Soviet Social-Imperialists abandoned the heroic Greek freedom fighters to the Hitlerite dictatorial rule of the royalist-fascist runnings dogs of U.S. imperialism, so they have now delivered the militant elements of the Revolutionary Leaders factions of the Sudan Communist Party into the hands of the depraved Nimeiry".[9] The Revolutionary Leadership sent a delegation to the 1971 6th congress of the Party of Labour of Albania.[10]

In the mid-1980s, the party joined the Progressive Democratic Front.[11] As of 1999 Ahmed Mohamed Shamy was a leader of the party.[12]

References

  1. ^ Sudanow. Ministry of Culture and Information. January 1985. p. 10.
  2. ^ a b Richard Felix Staar; Milorad M. Drachkovitch; Lewis H. Gann (1967). Yearbook on International Communist Affairs. Hoover Institution Press. p. 285.
  3. ^ Ismael, Tareq Y., The Communist Movement in the Arab World. New York City: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005. p. 26.
  4. ^ a b Communists in Government - Party Leader under Arrest[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b Cecil Eprile (1974). War and peace in the Sudan, 1955-1972. David & Charles. p. 126.
  6. ^ a b c d e Tim Niblock (August 1987). Class and Power in Sudan: The Dynamics of Sudanese Politics, 1898-1985. SUNY Press. pp. 251, 333. ISBN 978-0-88706-481-4.
  7. ^ United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service (1967). Daily Report: Foreign Radio Broadcasts. Supplement. p. 35.
  8. ^ Mahmood Mamdani; E. Wamba-dia-Wamba; Codesria (1995). African studies in social movements and democracy. CODSRIA. p. 75. ISBN 978-2-86978-051-4.
  9. ^ The New Middle East. New Middle East. 1971. p. 25.
  10. ^ Indonesian Tribune. Indonesia Progresif. 1969. p. 17.
  11. ^ Colin Legum; Africa Research, Ltd (1987). Africa contemporary record: annual survey and documents. Africana Pub. Co. pp. B–572. ISBN 978-0-8419-0556-6.
  12. ^ Sudan Democratic Gazette. Sudan Democratic Gazette. 1999. p. 12.
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Sudanese Communist Party – Revolutionary Leadership
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