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Sudanese Congress Party

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Sudanese Congress Party
Secretary-GeneralKhalid Omar
Founded1986[1]
IdeologySocial democracy[1]
Political positionCentre-left[1]
Member ofNational Consensus Forces[1]
Website
sudancongress.com Edit this at Wikidata

The Sudanese Congress Party (SCP or SCoP) is a Sudanese centre-left, social democratic, pro-secular[2] political party created in 1986 as National Congress (unrelated to the National Congress Party) and renamed as the SCP in 2005.[1][3]

Creation

Khalid Omer Yousif, former secretary-general of the Sudanese Congress Party (SCP), describes the origin of the SCP in terms of three events: the 1977 creation of the Congress of Independent Students (CIS) at Khartoum University by students opposed to president Gaafar Nimeiry; the creation in 1986, following the 1985 Sudanese Revolution, of the National Congress political party led by Molana Abdel Majid Imam (unrelated to the Islamist, pan-Arabist National Congress Party); and the renaming of the National Congress to the Sudanese Congress Party in a 2005 conference between National Congress and CIS members and graduates.[1]

Leadership and structure

The first head of the SCP was Abdel-Mageed Imam and the second was Ibrahim al-Sheikh. As of November 2016, Omer al-Digair had been "recently" elected as the third head of the SCP.[3] Abdelmonim Omar was Acting President of the SCP in early December 2012.[4]

Persecution

Al-Bashir presidency

On 6 July 2015, SCP party members Mastoor Ahmad Mohammed, Asim Omar Hassan and Ibrahim Mohammed Zain were flogged in Omdurman after being sentenced in the Omdurman Criminal Court for their campaigning for a boycoot of the April 2015 Sudanese general election.[1]

SCP chairman Ibrahim al-Shaikh Abdel Rahman as arrested on 8 June 2014 and detained for 100 days after he publicly criticised the Rapid Support Forces (RSF).[1]

NISS arrested SCP chair Omer al-Digair and seven other key SCP members on the night of 8/9 November 2016, after having arrested 13 other SCP members earlier, who remained in detention. The arrests were carried out in response to "protests and popular activities", according to the SCP.

Hamdok government

In late November 2019, the RSF lodged a legal complaint against Hanadi El Siddig, editor-in-chief of the SCP's newspaper, Akhbar El Watan. El Siddig was charged under the Information Crimes Act for a column Without Borders that she wrote. SCP legal coordinator Kamal Mohamed El Amin described the complaint and charges as "tools of the former Al Bashir regime" used to oppose freedom of speech.[5]

Programmes and actions

In 2016, the SCP was described by Radio Dabanga as "one of the most active opposition parties in Sudan".[4] In December 2016, the SCP supported a 3-day civil disobedience action against economic austerity measures that caused "huge price hikes".[4]

The SCP is a member of the National Consensus Forces.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Yousif, Khalid Omer (20 July 2015). "In Sudan a budding opposition party is under greater crackdown, here's its story". Sudan Tribune. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Sudan: The Sudanese Congress Party, including origin, structure, leadership, objectives, and activities; requirements and procedures to become a member of the party, including membership cards; treatment of party members and supporters by authorities (2015-February 2017)". refworld. Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. 13 March 2017. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Sudanese security arrests SCoP leader in severe crackdown on opposition party". Sudan Tribune. 9 November 2016. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "'Civil disobedience action great success': Sudanese Congress Party". Radio Dabanga. 1 December 2016. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Prosecutor questions Khartoum editor after militia complaint". Radio Dabanga. 27 November 2019. Archived from the original on 28 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.


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Sudanese Congress Party
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