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Supreme People's Court

Highest court in the People's Republic of China / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China (SPC; Chinese: 中华人民共和国最高人民法院; pinyin: Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó zuìgāo rénmín fǎyuàn) is the highest court of the People's Republic of China. It hears appeals of cases from the high people's courts and is the trial court for cases about matters of national importance. The court lacks judicial independence and has no power beyond what is granted to it by the National People's Congress (NPC).[3]

Quick facts: Supreme People's Court of the People's Republ...
Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Zuìgāo Rénmín Fǎyuàn
Supreme People's Court Emblem
Main gate
39°54′10.7″N 116°24′18.9″E
Established22 October 1949[1]
LocationBeijing, China
Coordinates39°54′10.7″N 116°24′18.9″E
Composition methodPresidential selection with National People's Congress approval
Authorized byConstitution of the People's Republic of China
Judge term length5 years Edit this at Wikidata
President and Chief Justice[2]
CurrentlyZhang Jun
Since11 March 2023
Executive Vice President
CurrentlyDeng Xiuming [zh]
Since5 July 2023
The front facade of the Supreme People's Court in Beijing China.

According to the Chinese constitution, the Supreme People's Court is accountable to the NPC, which prevents the court from functioning separately and independently of the governmental structure.[3][4]:14 The court has about 400 judges and more than 600 administrative personnel.[4]:16

The court serves as the highest court for the People's Republic of China and also for cases investigated by the Office for Safeguarding National Security in Hong Kong.[5] The special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau have separate judicial systems based on British common law traditions and Portuguese civil law traditions respectively, and are out of the jurisdiction of the Supreme People's Court.

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