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Swiss people

Citizens of Switzerland, people of Swiss ancestry / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Swiss people (German: die Schweizer, French: les Suisses, Italian: gli Svizzeri, Romansh: ils Svizzers) are the citizens of the multi-ethnic Swiss Confederation (Switzerland) regardless of ethno-cultural background[lower-alpha 2] or people of self-identified Swiss ancestry.

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
Swiss people
Schweizer / Suisses / Svizzeri / Svizzers
Flag of Switzerland, a federal symbol used to represent all Swiss citizens
Official photo of the Federal Council (2008), idealized depiction of a multi-ethnic Swiss society.
Total population
Map_of_the_Swiss_Diaspora_in_the_World.svg c. 8–9 million (2016)[lower-alpha 1]
Regions with significant populations
Flag_of_Switzerland_%28Pantone%29.svg  Switzerland 6.4 million (2019)[1]
0.8 million (2016)[2]
c. 1.5 million[3]
Flag_of_France.svg France220,730
Flag_of_Germany.svg Germany103,000
Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg Belgium82,192
Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg1,000-82,000
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States81,075
Flag_of_Uruguay.svg Uruguay60,000
Flag_of_Italy.svg Italy51,895
Flag_of_Peru.svg Peru51,000
Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg Canada40,280
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg United Kingdom34,971
Flag_of_Turkey.svg Turkey29,144
Flag_of_Spain.svg Spain25,168
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia25,148
Flag_of_Israel.svg Israel19,433
Flag_of_Austria.svg Austria19,000
Flag_of_Argentina.svg Argentina15,816
Flag_of_Brazil.svg Brazil15,321
Flag_of_South_Africa.svg South Africa9,132
Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Netherlands8,000
Flag_of_Sweden.svg Sweden5,920
Flag_of_Mexico.svg Mexico5,489
Flag_of_Chile.svg Chile5,366
Flag_of_Portugal.svg Portugal4,713
Flag_of_Norway.svg Norway2,000
Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg China1,714
Flag_of_Greece.svg Greece1,000
Flag_of_Albania.svg Albania1,000
Flag_of_Russia.svg Russia1,000
Flag_of_Singapore.svg Singapore1,000
Flag_of_Thailand.svg Thailand1,000
Flag_of_Finland.svg Finland1,000
Flag_of_Japan.svg Japan1,000
Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg Philippines1,000
Swiss German, Swiss Standard German, Bolze
Swiss French, Frainc-Comtou, Franco-Provençal
Swiss Italian, Lombard
Swiss-German Sign, Swiss-Italian Sign, Swiss-French Sign
Roman Catholicism, Swiss Reformed, atheism[4]
Related ethnic groups
Romansh, Liechtensteiners, Germans, Austrians, French, Italians and Celtic peoples

The number of Swiss nationals has grown from 1.7 million in 1815 to 8.7 million in 2020. More than 1.5 million Swiss citizens hold multiple citizenship.[5] About 11% of citizens live abroad (0.8 million, of whom 0.6 million hold multiple citizenship). About 60% of those living abroad reside in the European Union (0.46 million). The largest groups of Swiss descendants and nationals outside Europe are found in the United States, Brazil and Canada.

Although the modern state of Switzerland originated in 1848, the period of romantic nationalism, it is not a nation-state, and the Swiss are not a single ethnic group, but rather are a confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft) or Willensnation ("nation of will", "nation by choice", that is, a consociational state), a term coined in conscious contrast to "nation" in the conventionally linguistic or ethnic sense of the term.

The demonym Swiss (formerly in English also called Switzer) and the name of Switzerland, ultimately derive from the toponym Schwyz, have been in widespread use to refer to the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 16th century.[6]

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