Tai Phake language - Wikiwand
For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Tai Phake language.

Tai Phake language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tai Phake
Native toIndia
RegionAssam
EthnicityTai Phake people
Native speakers
2,000 (2007)[1]
Kra–Dai
Lik-Tai[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3phk
Glottologphak1238[3]

Tai Phake is a language spoken in the Buri Dihing Valley of Assam, India.

Distribution

Tai Phake Villages (Morey 2005:22)
Tai name Translation of Tai name Assamese/English name District
ma꞉n3 pha꞉4 ke꞉5 taü3 Lower Phake village Namphakey Dibrugarh
ma꞉n3 pha꞉k4 ta꞉5 Other side of the river village Tipam Phake Dibrugarh
ma꞉n3 pha꞉4 ke꞉5 nɔ6 Upper Phake village Borphake Tinsukia
niŋ1 kam4 Ning kam Nagas Nigam Phake Tinsukia
ma꞉n3 pha꞉4 naiŋ2 Red sky village Faneng Tinsukia
məŋ2 la꞉ŋ2 Country of the Lang Nagas Mounglang Tinsukia
məŋ2 mɔ1 Mine village Man Mau Tinsukia
ma꞉n3 loŋ6 Big village Man Long Tinsukia
nauŋ1 lai6 Nong Lai Nagas Nonglai -

(Note: For an explanation of the notation system for Tai tones, see Proto-Tai language#Tones.)

The maːn˧ corresponds to the modern Thai บ้าน, ban, and Shan ဝၢၼ်ႈ wan which corresponds to 'village'.

Buragohain (1998) lists the following Tai Phake villages.

  • Man Phake Tau (Namphake village, Assam)
  • Man Tipam (Tipam Phake village, Assam)
  • Man Phake Neu (Bor Phake village, Assam)
  • Man Mo (Man Mo village, Assam)
  • Man Phaneng (Phaneng village, Assam)
  • Man Long (Long village, Assam)
  • Man Nonglai (Nonglaui village, Assam)
  • Man Monglang (Monglang village, Assam)
  • Man Nigam (Nigam village, Assam)
  • Man Wagun (Wagun village, Arunachal Pradesh)
  • Man Lung Kung (Lung Kung village, Arunachal Pradesh)

Phonology

Initial consonants

Tai Phake has the following initial consonants[4]:

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced
Plosive Tenuis p t c k ʔ
Aspirated
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative s h
Lateral l
Semi-vowel j w

Final consonants

Tai Phake has the following final consonants:

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced voiceless voiced
Plosive Tenuis p t k ʔ
Aspirated
Nasal m n ŋ
Semi-vowel j w

-[w] occurs after front vowels and [a]-, -[j] occurs after back vowels and [a]-.[2]

Vowels

Tai Phake has the following vowel inventory[5]:

Front Back
unr. unr. rnd.
short long short long short long
Close i ɯ u
Mid e ɤ o
Open ɛ a a: ɔ

Writing system

The Tai Phake have their own writing system called 'Lik-Tai', which they share with the Khamti people and Tai Aiton people.[2] It closely resembles the Northern Shan alphabet of Myanmar, which is a variant of the Burmese script, with some of the letters taking divergent shapes.[6]

Notes

  1. ^ Tai Phake at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ a b c Diller, Anthony (1992). "Tai languages in Assam: Daughters or Ghosts": 16. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Phake". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Diller, Anthony (1992). "Tai languages in Assam: Daughters or Ghosts": 14. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Morey, Stephen (2008). "The Tai Languages of Assam". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Inglis, Douglas (2017). "Myanmar-based Khamti Shan Orthography". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

References

  • Buragohain, Yehom. 1998. "Some notes on the Tai Phakes of Assam, in Shalardchai Ramitanondh Virada Somswasdi and Ranoo Wichasin." In Tai, pp. 126–143. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Chiang Mai University.
  • Morey, Stephen. 2005. The Tai languages of Assam: a grammar and texts. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Tai Phake language
Listen to this article