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The Tatmadaw (Burmese: တပ်မတော်; MLCTS: tapma.tau, IPA: [taʔmədɔ̀], lit. 'Grand Army') is the military of Myanmar (formerly Burma). It is administered by the Ministry of Defence and composed of the Myanmar Army, the Myanmar Navy and the Myanmar Air Force. Auxiliary services include the Myanmar Police Force, the Border Guard Forces, the Myanmar Coast Guard, and the People's Militia Units. Since independence in 1948, the Tatmadaw has faced significant ethnic insurgencies, especially in Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Kayah, and Shan states. General Ne Win took control of the country in a 1962 coup d'état, attempting to build an autarkic society called the Burmese Way to Socialism. Following the violent repression of nationwide protests in 1988, the military agreed to free elections in 1990, but ignored the resulting victory of the National League for Democracy and imprisoned its leader Aung San Suu Kyi. The 1990s also saw the escalation of the conflict between Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine State due to RSO attacks on Tatmadaw forces.
|Myanmar Armed Forces|
(lit. 'Grand Army of Myanmar')
|Founded||27 March 1945 (78 years ago) (1945-03-27)|
|Commander-in-Chief||Senior General Min Aung Hlaing|
|Deputy Commander-in-Chief||Vice-Senior General Soe Win|
|Minister of Defence||Admiral Tin Aung San|
|Joint Chief of Staff||General Maung Maung Aye|
|Military age||18 years of age|
|14,747,845 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),|
14,710,871 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
|10,451,515 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),|
11,181,537 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
|522,478 males (2010 est.),|
506,388 females (2010 est.)
|Active personnel||about 150,000 personnel; 70,000 combat troops (May 2023 estimate)|
(23 battalions of Border Guard Force, BGF (7498 personnel), 46 groups of People's Militia Group, PMG and Regional People's Militia Groups, RPMG (3500 personnel) five corps of university Training Corp, UTC (8000 personnel)
|Budget||$2.4 billion (2014)|
|Percent of GDP||4% (2014)|
|Foreign suppliers|| China|
|Ranks||Military ranks of Myanmar|
တပ်မတော်သား လွှတ်တော်ကိုယ်စားလှယ်များ (Burmese)
|Seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw|
56 / 224
|Seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw|
110 / 440
In 2008, the Tatmadaw again rewrote Myanmar's constitution, installing the pro-junta Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) in 2010 elections boycotted by most opposition groups. Political reforms over the next half-decade culminated in a sweeping NLD victory in the 2015 election; after the USDP lost another election in 2020, the Tatmadaw annulled the election and deposed the civilian government. The Tatmadaw has been widely accused by international organizations of human rights offenses and crimes against humanity; including ethnic cleansing, political repression, torture, sexual assault, war crimes, extrajudicial punishments (including summary executions) and massacre of civilians involved in peaceful political demonstrations. The Tatmadaw has long operated as a state within a state.
According to the Constitution of Myanmar, the Tatmadaw directly reports to the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC) led by the President of Myanmar. The NDSC is an eleven-member national security council responsible for security and defence affairs in Myanmar. The NDSC serves as the highest authority in the Government of Myanmar.