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The Hague

City and municipality in South Holland, Netherlands / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Hague (/ˈhɡ/ HAYG; Dutch: Den Haag [dɛn ˈɦaːx] or 's‑Gravenhage [ˌsxraːvə(n)ˈɦaːɣə] ) is a city and municipality of the Netherlands, situated on the west coast facing the North Sea. The Hague is the capital of the province of South Holland. The Hague is the country's administrative centre and its seat of government, and while the official capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam, The Hague has been described as the country's de facto capital.[7]

Quick facts: The Hague Den Haag 's-Gravenhage, Count...
The Hague
Den Haag
De Hofstad, De Residentie, Agga, 070
Vrede en Recht (Peace and Justice)
Highlighted position of The Hague in a municipal map of South Holland
Location within South Holland
The Hague is located in Netherlands
The Hague
The Hague
Location within the Netherlands
The Hague is located in Europe
The Hague
The Hague
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 52°04′48″N 04°18′36″E
ProvinceSouth Holland
  BodyMunicipal council
  MayorJan van Zanen (VVD)
  Municipality98.13 km2 (37.89 sq mi)
  Land82.45 km2 (31.83 sq mi)
  Water15.68 km2 (6.05 sq mi)
286.31 km2 (110.54 sq mi)
1,256.40 km2 (485.10 sq mi)
  Randstad4,384.10 km2 (1,692.71 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
 (1 January 2021)[3][5][6]
  Density6,650/km2 (17,200/sq mi)
2,390,101 [lower-alpha 1]
DemonymHagenaar or Hagenees
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Area code070, 015 (in Dutch)
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With a population of over half a million, it is the third-largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam. The Hague is the core municipality of the Greater The Hague urban area, which comprises the city itself and its suburban municipalities,[lower-alpha 2] containing over 800,000 people, making it the third-largest urban area in the Netherlands, again after the urban areas of Amsterdam and Rotterdam. The Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area, with a population of approximately 2.6 million, is one of the largest metropolitan areas in Europe and the most populous in the country; the area holds the Rotterdam The Hague Airport. Situated on the west coast of the Netherlands, The Hague lies at the southwest corner of the larger Randstad conurbation, one of the largest conurbations in Europe.

The Hague is the seat of the Cabinet, the States General, the Supreme Court, and the Council of State of the Netherlands, but the city is not the constitutional capital, which is Amsterdam.[8] King Willem-Alexander lives in the Huis ten Bosch and works at the Noordeinde Palace in The Hague, together with Queen Máxima.[9] Most foreign embassies in the Netherlands are in the city. The Hague is also home to the headquarters of many Dutch companies, with Shell plc having major offices in the city as well. The Royal Library of the Netherlands is located there as well.

The Hague is known as the home of international law and arbitration. The International Court of Justice, the main judicial arm of the United Nations, is in the city, as are the International Criminal Court, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Europol, and approximately 200 other international governmental organizations.[10] The name "The Hague" is commonly used as a totum pro parte to refer to either of the international courts that reside in the city.

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