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The Eightfold Path (Pali: ariya aṭṭhaṅgika magga; Sanskrit: āryāṣṭāṅgamārga) is an early summary of the path of Buddhist practices leading to liberation from samsara, the painful cycle of rebirth, in the form of nirvana.
The Noble Eightfold Path
|Pali||अरिय अट्ठङ्गिक मग्ग |
(ariya aṭṭhaṅgika magga)
|Bengali||অষ্টাঙ্গিক আর্য মার্গ |
(Astangik ārya mārga
Oșŧangik Azzo Maggo
Oșŧangik Arzo Margo)
(MLCTS: mɛʔɡɪ̀ɰ̃ ʃɪʔ pá)
(Pinyin: bā zhèngdào)
Найман гишүүт хутагт мөр
(qutuγtan-u naiman gesigün-ü mör)
|Sinhala||ආර්ය අෂ්ඨාංගික මාර්ගය|
(Wylie: 'phags pa’i lam yan lag brgyad pa
THL: pakpé lam yenlak gyépa)
|Tamil||உன்னத எட்டு மடங்கு பாதை|
|Tagalog||Waluhang Mahal na Landas|
(RTGS: Ariya Mak Mi Ong Paet)
|Vietnamese||Bát chính đạo|
|Glossary of Buddhism|
|Part of a series on|
The Eightfold Path consists of eight practices: right view, right resolve, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right samadhi ('meditative absorption or union'; alternatively, equanimous meditative awareness).
In early Buddhism, these practices started with understanding that the body-mind works in a corrupted way (right view), followed by entering the Buddhist path of self-observance, self-restraint, and cultivating kindness and compassion; and culminating in dhyana or samadhi, which reinforces these practices for the development of the body-mind. In later Buddhism, insight (prajñā) became the central soteriological instrument, leading to a different concept and structure of the path, in which the "goal" of the Buddhist path came to be specified as ending ignorance and rebirth.
The Noble Eightfold Path is one of the principal summaries of the Buddhist teachings, taught to lead to Arhatship. In the Theravada tradition, this path is also summarized as sila (morality), samadhi (meditation) and prajna (insight). In Mahayana Buddhism, this path is contrasted with the Bodhisattva path, which is believed to go beyond Arhatship to full Buddhahood.