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Tomas Morato Sr. as an Army Officer
|1st Mayor of Quezon City|
November 9, 1939 – July 19, 1942
|Preceded by||Office Established|
|Succeeded by||Ponciano Bernardo|
|Member of the House of Representatives|
from Quezon's 2nd district
|Preceded by||Francisco Lavides|
|Succeeded by||Gaudencio V. Vera|
|Mayor of Calauag, Tayabas|
|Preceded by||Office Established|
|Succeeded by||Marciano Roldan|
Tomás Eduardo Morató Bernabéu
July 3, 1887
Xàbia, Alicante, Spain
|Died||March 6, 1965 (aged 77)|
Quezon City, Philippines
|Resting place||Manila North Cemetery|
|Political party||Nacionalista Party|
|Spouse(s)||Cecilia Racoma Pica 1890-1931|
Consuelo Eclavea Lim 1933-2004
|Domestic partner||Marcela Spanya 1931-1933|
Tomas Morato Jr.
Josefina Montemayor Morato
|Residence||Calauag, Quezon, Quezon City|
|Years of service||1942-1946|
|Battles/wars||World War II |
* Japanese Occupation (1942-1944)
* Allied Liberation (1944-1945)
Tomas Eduardo Bernabeu Morato (born Tomás Eduardo Morató Bernabéu,[note 1] July 3, 1887 – March 6, 1965) was a Spanish-born Filipino businessman and politician of full-blooded Spanish ethnicity who became the first Quezon City Mayor from 1939 to 1942.
The blond-haired and blue-eyed Morato was born on July 3, 1887 in the picturesque seaport of Alicante on the Mediterranean coast of Spain to Francisco Morató Arabí and Josefa Bernabéu Ferrer. His father was a ship captain who sailed from Spain to the Philippines and frequently stopped at the coastal town of Calauag, Tayabas. An only son, Tomas was brought to Calauag in 1898 by his father. There the 13-year-old boy first met and studied with the 22-year-old Quezon. Tomas finished his engineering course and entered the lumber business where he amassed quite a fortune. By virtue of a provision in the Treaty of Paris which granted Filipino citizenship to all Spaniards who have decided to stay in the Philippines, Morato became a Filipino citizen.
It was in Baler where he met Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines, and became friends with him. His friendship with Quezon was a rare and unique one. They courted girls together and helped each other during difficult times.
When Quezon was elected president in 1935, he entered Malacañang for the first time with Morato and Manuel L. "Nonong" Quezon, Jr. And thereafter, Morato was one of the very few people who could enter Malacañang at all times, even staying overnight in some often cases.
Quezon himself urged Morato to enter politics, so he ran as Mayor of Calauag and won with ease. At his second term, Quezon invited him to help build a new city, a city that would later be known as Quezon City.
Morato was a leader full of energy, taking difficult tasks that hinders growth and progress of the new city. Even though his administration faced low funds, it was able to create a network of new roads, and maintenance of satisfactory health conditions. With a police force of 48, crime rates remained at controlled levels. He also promoted social and economic programs to alleviate the condition of the residents.
The first musical piece composed for Quezon City was the “Quezon City March”, which was composed by Amando Calleja and the lyrics made by Jesus Balmori. The sponsors of this musical piece were the officials and members of the Cubao Women’s Club headed by Morato's wife.
He was arrested by the Imperial Japanese troops was entered in Quezon City Hall by the enemy hands during their occupation and ended the term as mayor of the city and became parole and exile on July 19, 1942 during World War II.
He died on March 6, 1965, his remains were interred at Manila North Cemetery.
The popular restaurant row Tomas Morato Avenue, as well as a road in San Francisco del Monte, Quezon City were named after him. A barangay (Don Tomas) and a street in Calauag, Quezon, were also named in memory of the last municipal President and first municipal Mayor of Calauag, Quezon.
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