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Tourism in Saudi Arabia

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Al-Bahah, Saudi Arabia
Al-Bahah, Saudi Arabia
Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia
Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia
Turkish hajjis, visiting Saudi Arabia to perform Umrah, are seen at the valley of Jabal Thawr. A part of tourism in Saudi Arabia consists of pilgrims visiting holy sites for their historic significance rather than any religious obligation.
Turkish hajjis, visiting Saudi Arabia to perform Umrah, are seen at the valley of Jabal Thawr. A part of tourism in Saudi Arabia consists of pilgrims visiting holy sites for their historic significance rather than any religious obligation.

Saudi Arabia is the second biggest tourist destination in the Middle East with over 16 million visiting in 2017.[1] Although most tourism in Saudi Arabia still largely involves religious pilgrimages, there is growth in the leisure tourism sector. As the tourism sector has been largely boosted lately, the sector is expected to be the white oil for Saudi Arabia. This is proved as tourism sector is expected to generate $25 billion in 2019.[2] Potential tourist areas include the Hijaz and Sarawat Mountains, Red Sea diving and a number of ancient ruins.

According to the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), in 2018, Travel and tourism in Saudi Arabia added 9% to the Kingdom’s total economy which is worth $65.2 billion.[3]

In December 2013, Saudi Arabia announced its intention to begin issuing tourist visas for the first time in its history. Council of Ministers entrusted the Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities with visa issuing on the basis of certain regulations approved by the Ministries of Interior and Foreign Affairs.[4] On 27 September 2019, Saudi Arabia formally announced the issuance of the tourist visa to visitors from 49 countries for a fee of $80. The visa can be either obtained online (eVisa) or on arrival.[5] Ten days after the implementation of instant tourist visas, 24,000 foreign visitors entered Saudi Arabia. China visitors topped the list, with the UK and the US in second and third. [6]

The top four places to visit in Saudi Arabia are Makkah, Mediana, Madain Saleh, Yanbu, Jeddah and Riyadh.

Arriving in Saudi Arabia can be through 13 international airports served by various global airlines. There are also 15 domestic airports connecting the country regions and cites. For moving within the country, there are budget airlines like Flynas, Fyadeal, Nesma Airlines, in addition to Saudi Airlines and SaudiGulf Airlines.


Museums

Nasseef House, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Nasseef House, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has a variety of museum ranging from historical museums, archeological museums, and cultural and scientific museums. These museums are exhibiting the art life, old handicrafts, and antiquities of the Kingdom and including :

  • National Museum of Saudi Arabia : This is the most famous museum in Saudi Arabia. It is established in 1999 and located in Riyadh as a part of the King Abdulaziz Historical Centre.[7] The museum is highlighting the prominent history of the Arabian Peninsula and its historical role in Islam expanding as well as the history of Saudi Arabia.[7] The Museum holds many ancient manuscripts that are traced back to many ancient civilizations. Indeed Saudi Arabia is considered one of the richest countries in regards of the number of ancient manuscripts.[8]

World Heritage Sites

There are five UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Saudi Arabia inscribed from 2008 to 2018.[12], these are as follows :

  • Al-Ahsa Oasis : The Al-Ahsa Oasis is a serial property comprising gardens, canals, springs, wells and a drainage lake, as well as historical buildings, urban fabric and archaeological sites.[13]

Main festivals and events

  • Jenadriyah: It is an annual cultural and heritage festival held in Jenadriyah near Riyadh. The festival hosts various cultural and heritage events such as Al Janadriya Operetta, Saudi Ardah, and Camel racing.
  • Souk Okaz: It is an annual cultural event held in Ta'if. it was known as an open market in the ancient past. Nowadays, Souk Okaz combines more than 150 attractions of heritage and cultural events, theater performances, and arts and crafts.[22][23]
  • Historic Jeddah Festival : is a celebration that takes place in the historical Al Balad district of Jeddah. The festival exhibits the culture and heritage of Jeddah.[24]
  • “Winter at Tantora” festival : an annual festival held in the old town of Al-Ula, in northwestern Saudi Arabia.
  • Ha’il International Rally
  • Al Qassim Date Festival : is the largest date festival in the world held in the central Qassim region of Saudi Arabia.
  • King Abdulaziz Falconry Festival.[25]

Religious tourism

Muslim pilgrims in Mecca
Muslim pilgrims in Mecca

Tourism in Saudi Arabia still largely involves religious pilgrimages. Mecca receives over three million pilgrims a year during the month of Dhu al-Hijjah in Hajj,[26] and around two million during the month of Ramadan to perform Umrah.[27] During the rest of the year, Mecca receives around four million for Umrah. The Hajj, or pilgrimage to the city, is one of the five pillars of Islam. Only Muslims are permitted in Mecca.

Saudi Seasons

It is a nation-wide tourism initiative that aims at attracting local and international tourists. The seasons are organized in many Saudi cities at different times throughout the year.[28]

There are currently 11 seasons as follows:

  1. Riyadh season.
  2. Jeddah season.
  3. Eastern province season.
  4. Taif season.
  5. Al Soudah season.
  6. National Day season.
  7. Al-Diriyah season.
  8. Al-Ula season.
  9. Hail season.
  10. Ramadan season.
  11. Eid Al-Fitr season.[29]

Other sites

Red Sea is being developed as a beach resort where women can wear bikinis.[30] The construction will begin in 2019.

Arrivals by country

National Museum
National Museum

Most visitors arriving in Saudi Arabia on a short term basis were from the following countries:

Rank Country 2015 2016
1  Bangladesh N/A 3,006,729
2  Pakistan N/A 2,878,674
3  Indonesia N/A 2,555,000
4  Yemen N/A 2,426,711
5  India N/A 1,800,431
6  Egypt N/A 1,162,955
7  Iraq N/A 999,683
8  Jordan N/A 801,000
9  Syria N/A 784,502
10  Sudan N/A 500,318

Future prospects

By 2019, the domestic tourism is planned to increase by 8% and the international tourism is expected to jump up to  5.6%. Saudi Arabia’s overall number of tourist trips is on course to hit 93.8 million by 2023, up from 64.7 million in 2018.[31] Riyadh and Jeddah hosted Color Runs in late 2019. Hotels are no longer required to ask Saudi couples for proof of marriage for a check-in. The government is spending billions on bringing forms of entertainment such as wrestling, tennis, car racing, expensive restaurants, and concerts to expand tourism.[32]

See also

References

  1. ^ "UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2018 Edition: page 19". World Tourism Organization UNWTO. 2018. Archived from the original on 30 April 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ Bridge, Sam. "Why $25bn tourism sector can become Saudi Arabia's 'white oil'". ArabianBusiness.com. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
  3. ^ "Travel and Tourism crucial to Saudi Arabias economy". WTTC. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  4. ^ "Tourist visas to be introduced". Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Saudi Arabia to offer tourist visas for the first time". Arab News. 2019-09-27. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  6. ^ "24,000 visitors to Saudi Arabia within 10 days of new tourist visa system". Arab News. 2019-10-07. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
  7. ^ a b "The National Museum". www.nationalmuseum.org.sa. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  8. ^ "Saudi Arabia among world's richest countries with ancient manuscripts". Arab News. 2019-04-08. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  9. ^ "The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage to Submit the Rehabilitation and Development Project of Al-Zaher Palace of Makkah". scth.gov.sa. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  10. ^ "Al Madinah Museum". sauditourism.sa. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  11. ^ "Tabuk Castle". sauditourism.sa. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  12. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Saudi Arabia". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  13. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Al-Ahsa Oasis, an Evolving Cultural Landscape". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  14. ^ Abu-Nasr, Donna (2009-08-30). "Digging up the Saudi past: Some would rather not". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-09-17.
  15. ^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica: Macropædia Volume 13. USA: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1995. p. 818. ISBN 0-85229-605-3.
  16. ^ "Expansion of the Nabataeans". Retrieved 2009-09-17.
  17. ^ a b "ICOMOS Evaluation of Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih) World Heritage Nomination" (PDF). World Heritage Center. Retrieved 2009-09-16.
  18. ^ "Creation of Al-Hijr". Retrieved 2009-09-17.
  19. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  20. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  21. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Rock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  22. ^ "Saudi Souq Okaz festival set to become major tourist attraction". Arab News. 2018-06-17. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  23. ^ "Souk Okaz". scth.gov.sa. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  24. ^ "Historic Jeddah Festival". www.sauditourism.sa. Retrieved 2019-05-26.
  25. ^ "Most beautiful falcons to compete at King Abdulaziz Falconry Festival". Arab News. 2019-12-07. Retrieved 2019-12-07.
  26. ^ "Hajj Requirements: Visas for 1430 Hajj". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. Archived from the original on 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
  27. ^ "1430H Umrah Visas". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. Archived from the original on 2009-07-26. Retrieved 2009-07-30.
  28. ^ "Saudi festival seasons for Taif and Al-Soudah launched at the double". Arab News. 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2019-07-30.
  29. ^ "Saudi Seasons". Saudi Seasons.
  30. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/08/02/saudi-arabia-open-luxury-beach-resort-women-can-wear-bikinis/
  31. ^ Bridge, Sam. "Why $25bn tourism sector can become Saudi Arabia's 'white oil'". ArabianBusiness.com. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
  32. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20191109005835/https://www.wsj.com/articles/saudi-arabia-is-changing-fast-11572909143
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Tourism in Saudi Arabia
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