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USS New York (BB-34)

Dreadnought battleship of the United States Navy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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USS New York (BB-34) was a United States Navy battleship, the lead ship of her class. Named for New York State, she was designed as the first ship to carry the 14-inch (356 mm)/45-caliber gun.

Quick facts: History, United States, General characteristi...
New York shortly after entering service in 1915
Flag_of_the_United_States_%281912-1959%29.svgUnited States
NameNew York
NamesakeState of New York
Awarded1 May 1911
BuilderBrooklyn Navy Yard
Laid down11 September 1911
Launched30 October 1912
Commissioned15 May 1914
Decommissioned29 August 1946
Stricken13 July 1948
IdentificationHull symbol: BB-34
Honors and
Bronze-service-star-3d.png 3 × battle star (WW II)
FateUsed as a target ship, July 1946
General characteristics [1]
Class and typeNew York-class battleship
Beam95 ft 2.5 in (29 m)
  • 28 ft 6 in (8.7 m) (mean)
  • 29 ft 7 in (9 m) (max)
Installed power
Speed21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Range7,060 nmi (13,075 km; 8,125 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement1,042 officers and men
  • Belt: 10–12 in (254–305 mm)
  • Lower casemate: 9–11 in (229–279 mm)
  • Upper casemate: 6.5 in (165 mm)
  • Barbettes: 10–12 in
  • Turret face: 14 in (356 mm)
  • Turret top: 4 in (102 mm)
  • Turret side: 2 in (51 mm)
  • Decks: 2 in
  • Conning tower: 12 in, 4 in (top)
General characteristics (1925–1926 refit)
  • 27,000 long tons (27,433 t) (standard)
  • 32,000 long tons (32,514 t) (full load)
Draft31 ft 6 in (9.60 m) (max)
Installed power6 × Bureau Express water-tube boilers
Aircraft carried3 × floatplanes
Aviation facilities1 × catapult
General characteristics (1942 refit)

Entering service in 1914, she was part of the U.S. Navy force which was sent to reinforce the British Grand Fleet in the North Sea near the end of World War I. During that time, she was involved in at least two incidents with German U-boats, and is believed to have been the only US ship to have sunk one in the war, during an accidental collision in October 1918. Following the war, she was sent on a series of training exercises and cruises in both the Atlantic and the Pacific, and saw several overhauls to increase her armament, aircraft handling and armor.

She entered the Neutrality Patrol at the beginning of World War II, and served as a convoy escort for ships to Iceland and Great Britain in the early phase of the war. She saw her first combat against coastal artillery during Operation Torch around Casablanca in North Africa, and later became a training ship. Late in the war, she moved to the Pacific, and provided naval gunfire support for the invasion of Iwo Jima and later the invasion of Okinawa. Returning to Pearl Harbor for repairs until the end of the war, she was classified obsolete and was chosen to take part in the Operation Crossroads nuclear weapon tests at Bikini Atoll in 1946. She survived both explosions, and the effects of radiation on the ship were studied for two years. She was eventually sunk as a target in 1948. She received three battle stars for her service.