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USS South Carolina (BB-26)

Dreadnought battleship of the United States Navy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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USS South Carolina (BB-26), the lead ship of her class of dreadnought battleships, was the fourth ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the eighth state. She was also the first American dreadnought; though she did not incorporate turbine propulsion like HMS Dreadnought, South Carolina's design included revolutionary aspects as well, primarily the superfiring arrangement of her main battery. The ship was laid down in December 1906 and launched in July 1908 before being commissioned into the US Atlantic Fleet in March 1910.

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USS South Carolina (BB-26)
Flag_of_the_United_States_%281912-1959%29.svgUnited States
NameSouth Carolina
NamesakeState of South Carolina
BuilderWilliam Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia
Laid down18 December 1906
Launched11 July 1908
Commissioned1 March 1910
Decommissioned15 December 1921
Stricken10 November 1923
FateSold for scrap, 24 April 1924
General characteristics
Class and typeSouth Carolina-class battleship
Beam80 ft 3 in (24 m)
Draft24 ft 6 in (7 m)
Installed power
Speed18.5 kn (21 mph; 34 km/h)
Range6,950 nmi (7,998 mi; 12,871 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
  • Belt: 12–8 in (305–203 mm)
  • Casemates: 10–8 in (254–203 mm)
  • Barbettes: 10–8 in (254–203 mm)
  • Turrets:
    • Face: 12 in
    • Side: 8 in
    • Roof: 2.5 in (64 mm)
  • Decks: 2.5 – 1 in (25 mm)
  • Conning tower: 12 in – 2 in (51 mm)

South Carolina spent much of her career in the Atlantic and Caribbean patrolling the eastern coast of the United States. She made two trips to Europe in 1910 and 1911 and participated in a visit by a German cruiser squadron in 1912. In 191314, she frequently patrolled the coast of Mexico to protect American interests during the Mexican Revolution, and in April 1914 she took part in the United States occupation of Veracruz. After the United States entered World War I in April 1917, South Carolina trained sailors for the rapidly expanding wartime navy, and in late 1918, she was assigned to convoy escort duty. An accident with her propellers in September kept her from active service for the remainder of the conflict. In 1919, she made four trips to bring American soldiers back from Europe. Midshipmen training cruises followed in 1920–21, but the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 cut her career short. She was broken up for scrap as part of the arms limitation treaty, starting in mid-1924.