cover image

United States Marine Corps

Maritime land force service branch of the U.S. military / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about United States Marine Corps?

Summarize this article for a 10 year old


The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is the maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations[11] through combined arms, implementing its own infantry, artillery, aerial, and special operations forces. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States.

Quick facts: United States Marine Corps, Founded, Country,...
United States Marine Corps
Emblem of the United States Marine Corps
Founded11 July 1798
(225 years, 4 months)
(as current service)

10 November 1775
(248 years)
(as Continental Marines)[1]

CountryFlag_of_the_United_States.svg United States
TypeMaritime land force
  • 180,958 active personnel (as of 2020)[2]
  • 32,400 reserve personnel (as of 2022)[3]
  • 1,304 manned aircraft[4] (total includes 11 VH-3D and 8 VH-60N of HMX-1[5] not listed by WAF 2018)
Part ofUnited States Armed Forces
Department of the Navy
HeadquartersThe Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Nickname(s)"Jarheads", "Devil Dogs", "Teufel Hunden", "Leathernecks"
Motto(s)Semper fidelis ("Always faithful")
ColorsScarlet and gold[6][7]
March"Semper Fidelis" Play
Mascot(s)English bulldog[8][9]
Anniversaries10 November
EquipmentList of U.S. Marine Corps equipment
See list
Presidential Unit Citation

Joint Meritorious Unit Award Navy_Unit_Commendation_streamer_%28USMC%29.svg
Navy Unit Commendation Streamer_VUA_Army.PNG
Valorous Unit Award Meritorious_Unit_Commendation_%28Navy-Marine%29_Streamer.jpg
Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer_FCDG.PNG
French Croix de guerre 1914–1918 Presidential_Unit_Citation_%28Philippines%29_Streamer.png
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation Streamer_KPUC.PNG
Korean Presidential Unit Citation VGCP_Streamer.jpg
Vietnam Gallantry Cross

Vietnam Civil Actions Medal
Commander-in-ChiefFlag_of_the_President_of_the_United_States.svg President Joe Biden
Secretary of DefenseFlag_of_the_United_States_Secretary_of_Defense.svg Lloyd Austin
Secretary of the NavyFlag_of_the_United_States_Secretary_of_the_Navy.svg Carlos Del Toro
CommandantFlag_of_the_Commandant_of_the_United_States_Marine_Corps.svg Gen Eric M. Smith
Assistant CommandantFlag_of_a_United_States_Marine_Corps_general.svg Gen Christopher J. Mahoney
Sergeant Major of the Marine CorpsUSMC-E9-SGMMC.svg SMMC Carlos A. Ruiz
Emblem ("Eagle, Globe, and Anchor" or "EGA")[note 1]Eagle%2C_Globe%2C_and_Anchor.svg
Song"The Marine's Hymn" Play

The Marine Corps has been part of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834 with its sister service, the United States Navy.[12] The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers.[citation needed]

The history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting both at sea and on shore.[13] In the Pacific theater of World War II, the Corps took the lead in a massive campaign of amphibious warfare, advancing from island to island.[14][15][16] As of 2022, the USMC has around 177,200 active duty members and some 32,400 personnel in reserve.[3]

Oops something went wrong: