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United States Minor Outlying Islands

Statistical designation of small islands of the United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The United States Minor Outlying Islands is a statistical designation defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code. The entry code is ISO 3166-2:UM. The minor outlying islands and groups of islands consist of eight United States insular areas in the Pacific Ocean (Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island) and one in the Caribbean Sea (Navassa Island).

Quick facts: United States Minor Outlying Islands, Adminis...
United States Minor Outlying Islands
Flag of United States Minor Outlying Islands
Anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner"
Locations of the United States Minor Outlying Islands in the Pacific Ocean; Navassa Island is not located on this map.
Locations of the United States Minor Outlying Islands in the Pacific Ocean; Navassa Island is not located on this map.
Administrative centerWashington, D.C., U.S.
Largest villageWake Island
National languageEnglish
Joe Biden (D)
49.26 km2 (19.02 sq mi) (Unranked)
 Water (%)
 2009 estimate
300 (232nd)
 2000 census
GDP (PPP)estimate
 Per capita
$46,381a (6th)
CurrencyUnited States dollar (US$) (USD)
Time zoneUTC−12 to −10, −5, +12
ISO 3166 codeUM
Internet b
  1. 2000 estimate.
  2. .um was retired in 2007.
Brown boobies atop pier posts at Johnston Atoll, September 2005

The islands, though scattered across the Pacific and quite small, are rich in history and nature, and have been quite strategically important. The nearly barren Howland is famous for being the island Amelia Earhart, a famous American woman that vanished on her round the world flight in 1938, was going to land on. Wake, home to a now extinct flightless bird, was the sight of a pitched WW2 battle in 1941, and was important stop over for aircraft transiting the Pacific in the mid-20the century. Likewise, Midway Atoll is the site of many corals and birds, and was also center of one the famous battle of WW2 which helped turn the tide of Pacific war. Other islands like Palmyra, are rich in unique biodiversity and was also the site of a WW2 base. Johnston atoll was a famous island for its Cold War base, when it was expanded and used to destroy chemical weapon stockpiles; it was also the site nuclear accident. Johnston was heavily modified with land expansion, others are nearly untouched nature reserves.

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