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United States Navy

Maritime service branch of the U.S. military / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The United States Navy (USN) is the maritime service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. It is the largest and most powerful navy in the world, with the estimated tonnage of its active battle fleet alone exceeding the next 13 navies combined, including 11 allies or partner nations of the United States as of 2012.[8][9][10][needs update] It has the highest combined battle fleet tonnage[11][8] (4,635,628 tonnes as of 2019)[12] and the world's largest aircraft carrier fleet, with eleven in service, two new carriers under construction, and five other carriers planned. With 336,978 personnel on active duty and 101,583 in the Ready Reserve, the United States Navy is the third largest of the United States military service branches in terms of personnel. It has 290 deployable combat vessels and more than 2,623 operational aircraft as of June 2019.[4]

Quick facts: United States Navy, Founded, Country, Type, S...
United States Navy
Emblem of the United States Navy
Founded27 March 1794
(229 years, 5 months)
(as current service)

13 October 1775
(247 years, 11 months)
(as Continental Navy)[1]

CountryFlag_of_the_United_States.svg United States
Size333,896 active duty personnel [2]
54,741 Navy Reserve personnel [3]
387,637 total uniformed personnel (official data as of July 31, 2023)
279,471 civilian employees (As of 2018)[4]
480 ships total, of which 290 are deployable (As of 2019)[4]
2,623 aircraft (As of 2018)[5]
Part ofUnited States Armed Forces
Department of the Navy
HeadquartersThe Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Motto(s)"Semper Fortis" ("Always Courageous"), (unofficial).
"Non sibi sed patriae" ("Not for self but for country") (unofficial).
ColorsBlue and gold[6][7]
March"Anchors Aweigh" Play
Anniversaries13 October
EquipmentList of equipment of the United States Navy
See list
Presidential Unit Citation
Navy Unit Commendation
Meritorious Unit Commendation
Commander-in-ChiefFlag_of_the_President_of_the_United_States.svg President Joe Biden
Secretary of DefenseFlag_of_the_United_States_Secretary_of_Defense.svg Lloyd Austin
Secretary of the NavyFlag_of_the_United_States_Secretary_of_the_Navy.svg Carlos Del Toro
Chief of Naval OperationsFlag_of_the_United_States_Chief_of_Naval_Operations.svg ADM Lisa M. Franchetti (acting)
Vice Chief of Naval OperationsFlag_of_the_United_States_Vice_Chief_of_Naval_Operations.svg ADM Lisa M. Franchetti
Master Chief Petty Officer of the NavyMCPON.svg MCPON James Honea
Anchor, Constitution, and EagleAnchor%2C_Constitution%2C_and_Eagle.svg

The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which was established during the American Revolutionary War and was effectively disbanded as a separate entity shortly thereafter. After suffering significant loss of goods and personnel at the hands of the Barbary pirates from Algiers, the United States Congress passed the Naval Act of 1794 for the construction of six heavy frigates, the first ships of the Navy. The United States Navy played a major role in the American Civil War by blockading the Confederacy and seizing control of its rivers. It played the central role in the World War II defeat of Imperial Japan. The United States Navy emerged from World War II as the most powerful navy in the world. The modern United States Navy maintains a sizable global presence, deploying in strength in such areas as the Western Pacific, the Mediterranean, and the Indian Ocean. It is a blue-water navy with the ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward deployments during peacetime and rapidly respond to regional crises, making it a frequent actor in American foreign and military policy.

The United States Navy is part of the Department of the Navy, alongside the United States Marine Corps, which is its coequal sister service. The Department of the Navy is headed by the civilian secretary of the Navy. The Department of the Navy is itself a military department of the Department of Defense, which is headed by the secretary of defense. The chief of naval operations (CNO) is the most senior Navy officer serving in the Department of the Navy.[13]