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West Indies

Island region of the North Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The West Indies is a subregion of North America, surrounded by the North Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, which comprises 13 independent island countries and 18 dependencies in three archipelagos: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, and the Lucayan Archipelago.[4]

Quick facts: Area, Population, Population density, Ethnic ...
West Indies
Area239,681 km2 (92,541 sq mi)
Population density151.5/km2 (392/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsAmerindian, Afro-Caribbean, White Caribbeans, Indo-Caribbean, Latino or Hispanic (Spanish, Portuguese, Mestizo, Mulatto, Pardo, and Zambo), Chinese, Jewish, Arab, Javanese,[3] Hmong, Multiracial
ReligionsChristianity, Hinduism, Islam, Traditional African religions, Rastafari, Native American religion, Judaism, Buddhism, Chinese folk religion (incl. Taoism and Confucianism), Baháʼí, Kebatinan, Sikhism, Irreligion, others
DemonymWest Indian, Caribbean
LanguagesEnglish, French, Spanish, Dutch, French Creoles, English Creoles, Dutch Creoles, Papiamento, Caribbean Hindi, Chinese, Danish and among others
Time zonesUTC−05:00 to UTC−04:00
Internet TLDMultiple
Calling codeMultiple
Largest citiesList of metropolitan areas in the Caribbean
Santo Domingo
San Juan
Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de los Caballeros
UN M49 code029Caribbean
419Latin America
  West Indies
  Countries sometimes included in West Indies

The subregion includes all the islands in the Antilles, plus The Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands, which are in the North Atlantic Ocean. Nowadays, the term West Indies is often interchangeable with the term Caribbean, although the latter may also include some Central and South American mainland nations which have Caribbean coastlines or coastlines close to the Caribbean, such as Belize, French Guiana, Guyana, and Suriname, as well as the Atlantic island nations of Barbados and Bermuda, all of which are geographically distinct from the three main island groups (except for Barbados, which is a part of the Lesser Antilles, but situated in the Atlantic Ocean, east of the other West Indies Islands), but culturally related.