Western Australian Legislative Council

Upper house of the legislature of Western Australia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Western Australian Legislative Council is the upper house of the Parliament of Western Australia, a state of Australia. It is regarded as a house of review for legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, the lower house. The two Houses of Parliament sit in Parliament House in the state capital, Perth.

Quick facts: Legislative Council, Type, Type, History, Fou...
Legislative Council
41st Parliament
Coat of arms or logo
Founded7 February 1832; 191 years ago (7 February 1832)
Alanna Clohesy, Labor
since 25 May 2021
Chair of Committees
Martin Aldridge, National
since 25 May 2021
Leader of the Government
Sue Ellery, Labor
since 17 March 2017
Deputy Leader of the Government
Stephen Dawson, Labor
since 17 March 2017
Government Whip
Pierre Yang, Labor
since 16 May 2018
Political groups
Government (21)

  Labor (21)
Opposition (10)
  Liberal (7)[lower-alpha 1]
  National (3)
Crossbench (5)
  Legalise Cannabis (2)
  Greens (1)

  Independent (3)[lower-alpha 2]
Length of term
4 years
Single transferable vote
Last election
13 March 2021
Next election
8 March 2025
Meeting place
Legislative Council Chamber
Parliament House, Perth
Western Australia, Australia
WA Legislative Council

Effective on 20 May 2005, for the election of members of the Legislative Council, the state was divided into six electoral regions by community of interest – three metropolitan and three rural – each electing six members to the Legislative Council.[1][2] The 2005 changes continued to maintain the previous malapportionment in favour of rural regions. Legislation was passed in 2021 to abolish these regions and increase the size of the council to 37 seats, all of which will be elected by the state-at-large. The changes will take effect in the 2025 state election.[3][4][5][6]

Since 2008, the Legislative Council has had 36 members. Since the 2013 state election, both houses of Parliament have had fixed four-year terms, with elections being held every four years on the second Saturday in March,[7][8] though the term of the Legislative Council not expiring until May after the election. In the current Legislative Council, elected at the 2021 election, Labor has majority control of the chamberthe first time any party gained the majority in the upper house since 1983.[9]

Six members of the Legislative Council are elected from each of the six regions under a proportional and preferential voting system using the single transferable vote method. Each council region overlaps with a varying number of Assembly seats. Because of the proportional representation system in place as well as the malapportionment in favour of rural regions, the Legislative Council has traditionally been controlled by a coalition of the Liberal and National parties, and minor parties and independents have been more easily elected.[10]