William Lloyd Garrison

American journalist and abolitionist (1805–1879) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about William Lloyd Garrison?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


William Lloyd Garrison (December 10, 1805 – May 24, 1879) was an American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. He is best known for his widely read anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator, which Garrison founded in 1831 and published in Boston until slavery in the United States was abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865.

Quick facts: William Lloyd Garrison, Born, Died, Resting p...
William Lloyd Garrison
Garrison c.1870
Born(1805-12-10)December 10, 1805
DiedMay 24, 1879(1879-05-24) (aged 73)
Resting placeForest Hills Cemetery, Boston
Occupation(s)Abolitionist, journalist
Known forEditing The Liberator
Political partyRepublican
Helen Eliza Benson Garrison
(m. 1834; died 1876)

Garrison promoted "no-governmentism" and rejected the inherent validity of the American government on the basis that its engagement in war, imperialism, and slavery made it corrupt and tyrannical. He initially opposed violence as a principle and advocated for Christian pacifism against evil; at the outbreak of the Civil War, he abandoned his previous principles and embraced the armed struggle and the Lincoln administration. He was one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society and promoted immediate and uncompensated, as opposed to gradual and compensated, emancipation of slaves in the United States.

Garrison was a typesetter, which aided him in running The Liberator, and when working on his own editorials for the paper, Garrison would set them in type without first writing them out on paper.[1]:57

Much like the martyred Elijah Lovejoy, a price was on Garrisons's head; he was burned in effigy and gallows were erected in front of his Boston office. Later on, Garrison would emerge as a leading advocate of women's rights, which prompted a split in the abolitionist community. In the 1870s, Garrison became a prominent voice for the women's suffrage movement.