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County of England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Wiltshire (/ˈwɪlt.ʃər, -ʃɪər/;[1] abbreviated to Wilts) is a ceremonial county in South West England. It borders Gloucestershire to the north, Oxfordshire and Berkshire to the east, Hampshire to the south-east, Dorset to the south, and Somerset to the west. The largest settlement is Swindon, and Trowbridge is the county town.

Quick facts: Wiltshire, Sovereign state, Constituent count...
Wiltshire within England
Wiltshire within England
Coordinates: 51.3°N 01.9°W / 51.3; -01.9
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth West
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (British Summer Time)
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceWiltshire Police
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantSarah Troughton
Area3,485 km2 (1,346 sq mi)
  Ranked14th of 48
Population (2021)720,060
  Ranked34th of 48
Density207/km2 (540/sq mi)
Unitary authority
CouncilWiltshire Council
Admin HQCounty Hall, Trowbridge
Area3,255 km2 (1,257 sq mi)
  Ranked6th of 296
  Ranked11th of 296
Density158/km2 (410/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-WIL
ONS code00HY
GSS codeE06000054
Districts of Wiltshire
  1. Wiltshire
  2. Swindon

The county has an area of 1,346 sq mi (3,490 km2) and a population of 720,060. The county is mostly rural, with the centre and south-west sparsely populated. After Swindon (183,638), the largest settlements are the city of Salisbury (41,820) and the towns of Chippenham (37,548) and Trowbridge (37,169). For local government purposes the county comprises two unitary authority areas: Swindon and Wiltshire.

Undulating chalk downlands characterize much of the county; the North Wessex Downs in the east, Salisbury Plain in the centre and Cranbourne Chase in the south. The north-west is part of the Cotswolds, a limestone area. The county's major rivers are both called the Avon: the northern Avon enters the county in the north-west and flows in a southwesterly direction before leaving it near Bradford-on-Avon; the southern Avon rises on Salisbury Plain, flows through Salisbury and then into Hampshire.

Salisbury Plain is noted for the Stonehenge and Avebury stone circles, which together are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and other ancient landmarks. Much of the plain is a training area for the British Army. The city of Salisbury is notable for its medieval cathedral. Large country houses open to the public include Longleat, where there is also a safari park, and the National Trust's Stourhead.

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