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Prefecture-level and sub-provincial city in Hubei, China / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Wuhan (/wˈhæn/ , US also /wˈhɑːn, ˈw-/;[14] simplified Chinese: 武汉; traditional Chinese: 武漢; pinyin: Wǔhàn; [ù.xân] ) is the capital of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China.[15] With a population of over eleven million, it is the most populous city in Hubei and the ninth most populous city in China.[16] It is also one of the nine national central cities.[17]

Quick facts: Wuhan 武汉市, Country, Province, Settled, Fi...
Clockwise from top: Skyline of Wuhan from the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, Tortoise Mountain TV Tower, causeway at East Lake, Guiyuan Temple, Yellow Crane Tower
("Wuhan, Different Every Day!")
Location of Wuhan City jurisdiction in Hubei
Location of Wuhan City jurisdiction in Hubei
Wuhan is located in Hubei
Location of the city center in Hubei
Wuhan is located in Eastern China
Wuhan (Eastern China)
Wuhan is located in China
Wuhan (China)
Coordinates (Wuhan municipal government): 30°35′36″N 114°18′17″E
Settled1500 BC
First unifiedJanuary 1, 1927[6]
Hancheng walls built223 BC
Municipal seatJiang'an District
  TypePrefecture-level and sub-provincial city
  BodyWuhan Municipal People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryGuo Yuanqiang
  Congress ChairmanHu Lishan
  MayorCheng Yongwen
  CPPCC ChairmanYang Zhi
  City8,494.41 km2 (3,279.71 sq mi)
1,528 km2 (590 sq mi)
  LanguagesWuhan dialect, Standard Chinese
Major ethnic groups
  Major ethnic groupsHan
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code0027
ISO 3166 codeCN-HB-01
 – Total
 - Per capita
  • CNY 143,729
  • US$22,284 (nominal) (11th)
 - GrowthIncrease 12.2% (2021)
License plate prefixes
  • 鄂A
  • 鄂O (police and authorities)
HDI (2015)0.839[12] (9th) – very high
City treeMetasequoia[13]
City flowerPlum blossom
Website武汉政府门户网站 (Wuhan Government Web Portal) (in Chinese); English Wuhan (in English)
Quick facts: Wuhan, Simplified Chinese, Traditional C...
"Wuhan" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese武汉
Traditional Chinese武漢
Literal meaning"[The combined cities of] Wu[chang] and Han[kou]"

Wuhan historically served as a busy city port for commerce and trading with some crucial influences on Chinese history. The name "Wuhan" came from the city's historical origin from the conglomeration of Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, which are collectively known as the "Three Towns of Wuhan" (武汉三镇). Wuhan lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain, at the confluence of the Yangtze river and its largest tributary, the Han River, and is known as "Nine Provinces' Thoroughfare" (九省通衢).[1] Wuhan was the site of the 1911 Wuchang Uprising against the Qing Dynasty which ended 2,000 years of dynastic rule. Wuhan was briefly the capital of China in 1927 under the left wing of the Kuomintang (KMT) government,[18] and later served as the wartime capital of China for ten months in 1937 during WWII.[19][20] On December 31, 2019, SARS-CoV-2, a novel coronavirus that later caused the COVID-19 pandemic, was first discovered in Wuhan[21][22] and the city was the location of the first lockdown of the pandemic in January 2020.[23]

Wuhan is considered the political, economic, financial, commercial, cultural, and educational center of Central China.[16] It is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads, and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities.[24] Because of its key role in domestic transportation, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as "the Chicago of China" by foreign sources.[3][4][5] The "Golden Waterway" of the Yangtze River and the Han River traverse the urban area and divide Wuhan into the three districts of Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang. The Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge crosses the Yangtze in the city. The Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity, is located nearby. Historically, Wuhan has suffered risks of flooding,[25] prompting the government to alleviate the situation by introducing ecologically friendly absorption mechanisms.[26]

While Wuhan has been a traditional manufacturing hub for decades, it is also one of the areas promoting modern industrial changes in China. Wuhan has three national development zones, four scientific and technological development parks, over 350 research institutes, 1,656 high tech enterprises, numerous enterprise incubators and investments from 230 Fortune Global 500 firms.[27] It produced GDP (nominal) of US$274 billion in 2021. The Dongfeng Motor Corporation, an automobile manufacturer, is headquartered in Wuhan. The city is home to multiple notable institutes of higher education, including Wuhan University[28] and the Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Wuhan is a major city in the world by scientific research outputs and it ranks 10th globally, 6th in the Asia-Pacific and 5th in China (after Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Guangzhou).[29] In 2017, Wuhan was designated as a Creative City by UNESCO, in the field of design.[30] Wuhan is classified as a Beta- (global second tier) city together with seven other cities in China, including Changsha, Dalian, Jinan, Shenyang, Xiamen, Xi'an and Zhengzhou by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[31] Wuhan is also one of the world's top 100 financial centers, according to the Global Financial Centres Index.[32]

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