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Złoty Potok, Silesian Voivodeship

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Złoty Potok
Village
Raczyński Palace and Park in Złoty Potok
Złoty Potok
Złoty Potok
Złoty Potok
Złoty Potok
Coordinates: 50°42′25″N 19°25′53″E / 50.70694°N 19.43139°E / 50.70694; 19.43139Coordinates: 50°42′25″N 19°25′53″E / 50.70694°N 19.43139°E / 50.70694; 19.43139
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipSilesian
CountyCzęstochowa County
GminaJanów
Population
1,101
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationSCZ
Voivodeship roads
Websitehttp://www.janow.pl

Złoty Potok [ˈzwɔtɨ ˈpɔtɔk] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Janów, within Częstochowa County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland.[1] It lies approximately 2 kilometres (1 mi) south of Janów, 25 km (16 mi) south-east of Częstochowa, and 60 km (37 mi) north-east of the regional capital Katowice. The village has a population of 1,101.

The village is a popular destination for Polish tourists during the summer months, as it hosts major festivals such as the International Folk Festival and Lato Filmowe (Summer of Movies).

History and sights

The settlement dates back to the Early Middle Ages. It was the site of an early medieval stronghold of the Polish tribes, which is now an archaeological site.[2] It became part of the emerging Polish state in the 10th century.

In the 19th century a palace by Raczyński family, and a mansion of Krasiński family, were built here. In the Krasińscy mansion there is a museum dedicated to the Polish poet Zygmunt Krasiński.

The village church dates from the mid 13th century, is among the oldest in Poland.

In September 1939, during the German invasion of Poland, which started World War II, German troops massacred a group of Polish boy scouts from Złoty Potok in Tucznawa (see Nazi crimes against the Polish nation).[3] The village was afterwards occupied by Germany until 1945. On September 11, 1944, Złoty Potok was the site of a battle between the Polish underground resistance and the occupying German forces. On September 17, 1944, during the Warsaw Uprising, the Germans carried out deportations of Varsovians from the Dulag 121 camp in Pruszków, where they were initially imprisoned, to Złoty Potok.[4] Those Poles were mainly old people, ill people and women with children.[4]

Gallery

  • Krasiński Mansion, now a museum
    Krasiński Mansion, now a museum
  • Raczyński Palace
    Raczyński Palace
  • Statues of lions at the entrance to the Raczyński Palace
    Statues of lions at the entrance to the Raczyński Palace
  • Saint John the Baptist church
    Saint John the Baptist church

References

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ "Grodzisko". Zabytek.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  3. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 135.
  4. ^ a b "Transporty z obozu Dulag 121". Muzeum Dulag 121 (in Polish). Retrieved 3 April 2021.


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Złoty Potok, Silesian Voivodeship
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