Zhuge Liang (Chinese: 諸葛亮 / 诸葛亮) (181 – c.September 234),[2] courtesy name Kongming, was a Chinese statesman and military strategist. He was chancellor and later regent of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. He is recognised as the most accomplished strategist of his era, and has been compared to Sun Tzu, the author of The Art of War.[3] His reputation as an intelligent and learned scholar grew even while he was living in relative seclusion, earning him the nickname "Wolong" or "Fulong", meaning "Crouching Dragon" or "Sleeping Dragon". Zhuge Liang is often depicted wearing a Taoist robe and holding a hand fan made of crane feathers.[4]

Quick facts: Zhuge Liang, Imperial Chancellor (丞相) of Shu ...
Zhuge Liang
諸葛亮
An illustration of Zhuge Liang
Imperial Chancellor (丞相) of Shu Han
In office
229 (229)–234 (234)
In office
221 (221)–228 (228)
MonarchLiu Bei / Liu Shan
General of the Right (右將軍)
In office
228 (228)–229 (229)
MonarchLiu Shan
Governor of Yi Province (益州牧)
In office
223 (223)–234 (234)
MonarchLiu Shan
Colonel-Director of Retainers (司隸校尉)
In office
221 (221)–234 (234)
MonarchLiu Bei / Liu Shan
Preceded byZhang Fei
Manager of the Affairs of the Masters of Writing (錄尚書事)
In office
221 (221)–234 (234)
MonarchLiu Bei / Liu Shan
Military Advisor General (軍師將軍)
(under Liu Bei)
In office
214 (214)–? (?)
MonarchEmperor Xian of Han
Military Advisor General of the Household
(軍師中郎將)
(under Liu Bei)
In office
208 (208)–? (?)
Serving with Pang Tong (210–214)
MonarchEmperor Xian of Han
Personal details
Born181
Yangdu County, Langya Commandery, Han Empire (present-day Yinan County, Shandong)
Diedc.September 234 (aged 53)[1]
Wuzhang Plains, border of Shu Han and Cao Wei (present-day Qishan County, Shaanxi)
Resting placeMount Dingjun, Shaanxi
SpouseLady Huang
Children
Parent
  • Zhuge Gui (father)
Relatives
OccupationStatesman, military strategist
Courtesy nameKongming (孔明)
Posthumous nameMarquis Zhongwu (忠武侯)
PeerageMarquis of Wu District
(武鄉侯)
Nickname(s)"Crouching Dragon"
(臥龍/伏龍)
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Quick facts: Zhuge Liang, Traditional Chinese, Simpli...
Zhuge Liang
Traditional Chinese諸葛亮
Simplified Chinese诸葛亮
Hanyu PinyinPRC Standard Mandarin:
Zhūgě Liàng
ROC Standard Mandarin:
Zhūgé Liàng
Kongming
(courtesy name)
Chinese孔明
Hanyu PinyinKǒngmíng
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Zhuge Liang was a Confucian-oriented[5] "Legalist".[6] He liked to compare himself to the sage minister Guan Zhong,[6] developing Shu's agriculture and industry to become a regional power,[7] and attached great importance to the works of Shen Buhai and Han Fei,[8] refusing to indulge local elites and adopting strict, but fair and clear laws. In remembrance of his governance, local people maintained shrines to him for ages.[9] His name has become synonymous with wisdom and strategy in Chinese culture.[citation needed] Zhuge Liang is depicted in the Wu Shuang Pu (無雙譜, Table of Peerless Heroes) by Jin Guliang.

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