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Judi pada pemilihan kepausan

Paus Gregorius XIV memutuskan bahwa orang yang berjudi pada pemilihan-pemilihan kepausan akan dihukum dengan ekskomunikasi.
Paus Gregorius XIV memutuskan bahwa orang yang berjudi pada pemilihan-pemilihan kepausan akan dihukum dengan ekskomunikasi.

Judi pada pemilihan kepausan setidaknya telah berlangsung selama 500 tahun. Taruhan di konklaf-konklaf kepausan pada abad ke-16 adalah beberapa contoh judi pada hasil pemilihan pertama yang didokumentasikan.[1] Pada periode yang sama, judi juga merupakan hal umum pada hasil pemilihan Italia sekuler, seperti pemilihan Doge Venesia.[2]

Catatan

  1. ^ Paul W. Rhode and Koleman Strumpf. 2008. "Historical Political Futures Markets: An International Perspective Diarsipkan 2010-07-11 di Wayback Machine.". NBER Working Paper 14377.
  2. ^ Jonathan Walker. 1999. "Gambling and the Venetian Noblemen, c. 1500-1700". Past and Present. No. 162: 28-69.

Referensi

  • Baumgartner, Frederic J. 1985. "Henry II and the Papal Conclave of 1549." Sixteenth Century Journal. 16, 3: 301–314.
  • Baumgartner, Frederic J. 2003. Behind Locked Doors: A History of Papal Elections. New York: Palgrave.
  • Clark, Geoffrey Wilson; Betting on lives: the culture of life insurance in England, 1695-1775, Manchester University Press ND, 1999, ISBN 0-7190-5675-6, ISBN 978-0-7190-5675-8
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Judi pada pemilihan kepausan
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