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Peng'im

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Peng'im
Naam (taalvarianten)
Vereenvoudigd 潮州话拼音方案
Traditioneel 潮州話拼音方案
Pinyin cháozhōuhuà pīnyīn fāng'àn
Jyutping (Standaardkantonees) chiu4 jau1 waa2 ping1 jam1 fong1 ngon3
Standaardkantonees IPA: [tsʰiːu tsɐu wa: pʰɪŋ jɐm fɔːŋ ɔːn]
Yale (Standaardkantonees) ciu4 zau1 wa2 ping1 yam1 fong1 ngon3
Dapenghua IPA: [tsʰiːu tsɐu wa: pʰɐŋ jɐm fɔːŋ uːn]
Peng'im (Chaozhouhua) dio7 jiu1 uê7 pêng1 im1 bang1 uan3
Minnanyu Tioh-tsiu-uē Phin-im Hong-àn

Peng’im of Peng Im is de romanisatievorm om het Minnanese dialect Chaozhouhua te romaniseren.

Beginklanken

De letters tussen haakjes zijn in Internationaal Fonetisch Alfabet. b-, p-, m-, bh-, d-, t-, n-, l-, g-, k-, ng-, gh-, h-, z-, c-, s- en r-

  • b- [p-] bak (北 noord)
  • p- [ph-] peng (平 vrede)
  • m- [m-] mêng (明 begrijpen)
  • bh- [b-] bhê (马 paard)
  • d- [t-] dio (潮 vloed)
  • t- [th-] tin (天 hemel)
  • n- [n-] nang (人 mens)
  • l- [l-] lag (六 zes)
  • g- [k-] go (哥 broer)
  • k- [kh-] ke (去 gaan)
  • ng- [ŋ-] ngou (五 vijf)
  • gh- [g-] gho (鹅 zwaan)
  • h- [h-] hung (云 wolk)
  • z- [ts-] ziu (州 continent)
  • c- [tsh-] cên (青 jeugdig)
  • s- [s-] sên (生 levend)
  • r- [dz-] ruah (热 warm)

Midden- of eindklanken

De letters tussen haakjes zijn in Internationaal Fonetisch Alfabet.

  • -a- [-a-] ma (妈 moeder)
  • -o- [-ɔ-] mo (毛 haar)
  • -e- [-ɨ-] de (箸 eetstokjes)
  • -ê- [-ɛ-] sên (生 levend)
  • -i- [-i-] si (四 vier)
  • -u- [-u-] ghu (牛 koe)
  • -ai- [-aɪ-] lai (来 komen)
  • -ao- [-aʊ-] kao (哭 huilen)
  • -oi- [-oɪ-] bhoi (买 kopen)
  • -ou- [-oʊ-] dou (图 plattegrond)
  • -ia- [-ia-] cia (车 auto)
  • -io- [-iɔ-] gio (乔 brug)
  • -iu- [-iʊ-] ziu (酒 wijn)
  • -ua- [-ua-] dua (大 groot)
  • -uai- [-uaɪ-] guai (高 hoog)
  • -uê- of -ue- [-uɛ-] gue (过 oversteken)
  • -ui- [-uɪ-] gui (贵 duur)

Eindklanken

De letters tussen haakjes zijn in Internationaal Fonetisch Alfabet. De vijf eindklanken:

  • -m [-m] giam (盐 zout)
  • -ng [-ŋ] bhuang (万 tienduizend)
  • -b [-p] jab (十 tien)
  • -g [-k] mag (目 oog)
  • -h [-ʔ] tih (铁 metaal)

Nasale eindklanken "n"

  • suan [swã] (山 berg)
  • cên [ʧhɛ̃] (青 blauwgroen)

Tonen

  • do1 (刀 mes)
  • do2 (短 kort)
  • do3 (倒 schenken)
  • doh4 (桌 tafel)
  • do5 (朵 klasserend lidwoord)
  • do6 (在 aanwezig zijn)
  • do7 (袋 zak)
  • doh8 (擇 kiezen)
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Peng'im
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