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Achaemenid Empire

c. 550–330 BC Iranian (Persian) empire / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Achaemenid Empire, or Persian Empire,[3] (550–330 BC) was the first Persian Empire to rule over significant portions of Greater Persia (or Iran). It followed the Median Empire as the second great empire of the Iranian peoples.[4] At the height of its power, the Achaemenid Empire had about 7.5 million square kilometres and was territorially the largest empire of classical antiquity.

Quick facts: Achaemenid Empireشاهنشاهی هخامنشی ایران, Capi...
Achaemenid Empire
شاهنشاهی هخامنشی ایران
550-330 BCE
Flag of Achaemenid Empire
The vexilloid of the Achaemenid Empire was a gold falcon on a field of crimson.[1][2]
Achaemenid Empire.
Achaemenid Empire.


Recognised regional languagesPersian, Elamite, Aramaic, Hebrew
 first King
Cyrus II, the Great
 last King
Darius III Codomannus
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Median Empire
Macedonia Blank.png

The empire was forged by Cyrus the Great. It spanned three continents, including parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan; parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace; much of the Black Sea coastal regions; Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon and Syria; and all of the significant population centres of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya. The empire was the foe of the Greek city-states of the Greco-Persian Wars. It freed the Israelites from their Babylonian captivitya nd instituted Aramaic as the its official language. Because of the empire's vast extent and long endurance, Persian influence upon the language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and government of nations around the world has lasted ever since.