genus of early bird-like dinosaur / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Archaeopteryx is one of the most important fossils ever discovered. It is a flying dinosaur from the Upper Jurassic, about 150 million years ago. It shows the evolutionary link between non-avian theropod dinosaurs and birds, but it is not the ancestor of modern birds.[2]

Quick facts: Archaeopteryx Temporal range Late Jurassic (...
Temporal range: Late Jurassic (Tithonian), 150.8–148.5 Ma
Fossil of complete Archaeopteryx, including indentations of feathers on wings and tail
The Berlin Archaeopteryx specimen (A. siemensii).
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Theropoda
Clade: Paraves
Family: Archaeopterygidae
Genus: Archaeopteryx
Meyer, 1861
(conserved name)
Type species
Archaeopteryx lithographica
Meyer, 1861 (conserved name)
Referred species
  • A. siemensii
    Dames, 1897
  • A. albersdoerferi
    Kundrat et al., 2018
Genus synonymy
  • Griphosaurus
    Wagner, 1862 (rejected name)
  • Griphornis
    Woodward, 1862 (rejected name)
  • Archaeornis
    Petronievics, 1917
  • Jurapteryx
    Howgate, 1984
  • Wellnhoferia?
    Elżanowski, 2001
Species synonymy
  • Griphosaurus problematicus
    Wagner, 1862 vide Woodward 1862 nomen rejectum
  • Griphornis longicaudatus
    Owen 1862 vide Woodward 1862 nomen rejectum
  • Griphosaurus longicaudatus
    (Owen 1862 vide Woodward 1862) Owen 1862 vide Brodkorb 1863 nomen rejectum
  • Archaeopteryx macrura
    Owen, 1862 (rejected name)
  • Archaeopteryx siemensii?
    (Dames, 1897)
  • Archaeornis siemensii
    (Dames, 1897) Peteronievics vide Petroneivics & Woodward 1917
  • Archaeopteryx owenii
    Petronievics, 1917 (rejected name)
  • Archaeopteryx recurva
    Howgate, 1984
  • Jurapteryx recurva
    (Howgate, 1984) Howgate 1985
  • Archaeopteryx bavarica
    Wellnhofer, 1993
  • ?Wellnhoferia grandis
    Elżanowski, 2001
The London specimen (cast)

The first Archaeopteryx was found in 1860 near Solnhofen in Bavaria, Germany. Today, ten skeletons and one feather of Archaeopteryx have been found.[3]

Archaeopteryx was a small carnivorous dinosaur with feathers and wings. It had a mouth with teeth, claws on the hands and a long tail. Today, it is known that dromaeosaurs, and possibly most other extinct theropods, looked like birds and that many had feathers. When they are born, today's South American hoatzin have claws on their wings when they are young, just like Archaeopteryx.