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Canadian Arctic Archipelago

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Location of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Location of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago

The Canadian Arctic Archipelago, also known as just the Arctic Archipelago, is an archipelago north of the Canadian mainland in the Arctic. There are about 36,563 islands which have much of the territory of Northern Canada – most of Nunavut and part of Northwest Territories.

The archipelago has 94 major islands (bigger than 130 km²), including three of the world's ten biggest islands, and 36,469 minor islands. The bigger islands of the archipelago (over 10,000 km²) are:


Name Location* Area Area rank Population
(2001)
World Canada
Baffin Island
NU
507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) 5 1 9,563
Victoria Island
NT,
NU
217,291 km2 (83,897 sq mi) 9 2 1,707
Ellesmere Island
NU
196,236 km2 (75,767 sq mi) 10 3 168
Banks Island
NT
70,028 km2 (27,038 sq mi) 24 5 114
Devon Island
NU
55,247 km2 (21,331 sq mi) 27 6 0
Axel Heiberg Island
NU
43,178 km2 (16,671 sq mi) 32 7 0
Melville Island
NT,
NU
42,149 km2 (16,274 sq mi) 33 8 0
Southampton Island
NU
41,214 km2 (15,913 sq mi) 34 9 721
Prince of Wales Island
NU
33,339 km2 (12,872 sq mi) 40 10 0
Somerset Island
NU
24,786 km2 (9,570 sq mi) 46 12 0
Bathurst Island
NU
16,042 km2 (6,194 sq mi) 54 13 0
Prince Patrick Island
NT
15,848 km2 (6,119 sq mi) 55 14 0
King William Island
NU
13,111 km2 (5,062 sq mi) 61 15 960
Ellef Ringnes Island
NU
11,295 km2 (4,361 sq mi) 69 16 0
Bylot Island
NU
11,067 km2 (4,273 sq mi) 72 17 0

* NT = Northwest Territories, NU = Nunavut

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Canadian Arctic Archipelago
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