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Province of Maryland

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Province of Maryland
Coat of arms of Maryland
Coat of arms
Map of the Province of Maryland
Map of the Province of Maryland
StatusColony of England (1632–1707)
Colony of Great Britain (1707–1776)
CapitalSt. Mary's City (1632–1695)
Annapolis (from 1695)
Common languagesEnglish, Susquehannock, Nanticoke, Piscataway
Anglicanism (de jure), Roman Catholicism (de facto)
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Royally Chartered Proprietor 
• 1632–1675
Lord Baltimore, 2nd
• 1751–1776
Lord Baltimore, 6th
Proprietary Governor 
• 1634–1647
Leonard Calvert
• 1769–1776
Robert Eden
LegislatureMaryland General Assembly
• Charter granted
July 4 1776
CurrencyMaryland pound
Succeeded by
Washington, D.C.
Today part ofUnited States

The Province of Maryland was an English colony that later became a British one. It existed from 1632 to 1778, when it joined the other Thirteen Colonies to fight against Great Britain. It is now a state of the United States called Maryland. Unlike the other colonies in the future united states, most settlers of the Province of Maryland were Roman Catholics, who had fled the European wars of religion. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore was the first Catholic diocese on American soil, the Baltimore Basilica was the first cathedral. The Maryland Toleration Act, signed 1649, was the first act that tolerated other Christian religious groups.


  • "The Charter of Maryland : 1632". 2008. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  • "Maryland Historical Chronology, 1700-1799". November 23, 2021. Retrieved 25 Dec 2021.
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Province of Maryland
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