Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom from 1837 to 1901 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Queen Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1837 until her death in 1901. She reigned for 63 years and 216 days, until she was surpassed by her great-great granddaughter Queen Elizabeth ll.

Quick facts: Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom, Reign,...
Victoria
Victoria wearing a lace cap and diamond jewellery
Portrait by Alexander Bassano, 1882
Queen of the United Kingdom
Reign20 June 1837 – 22 January 1901
Coronation28 June 1838
PredecessorWilliam IV
SuccessorEdward VII
Empress of India
Reign1 May 1876 – 22 January 1901
Imperial Durbar1 January 1877
PredecessorPosition established
SuccessorEdward VII
BornPrincess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent
(1819-05-24)24 May 1819
Kensington Palace, London, England
Died22 January 1901(1901-01-22) (aged 81)
Osborne House, Isle of Wight, England
Burial4 February 1901
Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore, Windsor
Spouse
Issue
HouseHanover
FatherPrince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
MotherPrincess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
ReligionProtestant[lower-alpha 1]
SignatureCursive signature of Queen Victoria
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She was taught by her governess, Louise Lehzen, and Reverend George Davys. She learned to speak and read German and French well. Queen Victoria enjoyed dancing, drawing, horse riding and singing. She had lessons as a child from the famous opera singer Luigi LaBlache. She liked to paint and could play the piano.[1] She kept a regular diary throughout her life.

Victoria married her first cousin, Prince Albert, in 1840. He supported science, trade and art in Britain. Victoria and Albert had nine children. They believed that a good family life and Christianity were very important. In general, English people followed their example.

The Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace opened in 1851. It happened partly because of Albert's hard work. The exhibition showed the success of British people in Victorian times.

In 1861, Prince Albert died and Victoria stayed away from public life.

Britain became more powerful in the following years, and in 1877, Victoria got the title Empress of India. Victoria was very interested in India, but she never went there to the subcontinent. Her son went there instead.

In 1897, Victoria celebrated 60 years of being monarch. This surpassed her grandfather King George III. She was queen for 63 years, seven months longer than any other king or queen of Britain. People called her the 'grandmother of Europe' because many of Victoria's children became kings, princes and princesses of other countries.

After she died from a brain haemorrhage, her son Albert Edward became King Edward VII became King of the United Kingdom and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 to 6 May 1910.

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