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Wales (/ˈwlz/ (listen)Welsh: Cymru [ˈkəm.rɨ] (come-ree) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is west of England, and east of the Irish Sea and Ireland.

Quick facts: WalesCymru (Welsh), Status, Capitaland l...
Wales
Cymru (Welsh)
Coat of arms
Motto: "Cymru am byth" (Welsh)
"Wales Forever"[1]
Anthem: "Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau"
"Land of My Fathers"
Location of  Wales  (dark green)

 on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
 in the United Kingdom  (green)

StatusCountry
Capital
and largest city
Cardiff
51°29′N 3°11′W
Official languages
Demonym(s)Welsh
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary legislature within parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 Monarch
Charles III
Mark Drakeford
Parliament of the United Kingdom
 Secretary of StateDavid Davies
 House of Commons40 MPs (of 650)
LegislatureSenedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
Formation
 Unification by Gruffydd ap Llywelyn
1057[2]
 Statute of Rhuddlan[3]
3 March 1284
 Laws in Wales Act[4]
1543
31 July 1998
Area
 Total
20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi)
Population
 2019 estimate
3,153,000[6]
 2011 census
3,063,456[7]
 Density
148/km2 (383.3/sq mi)
GVA2018[8] estimate
 • Total£75 billion
($96B)
 • Per capita£23,900
($Undefined year "2018")
HDI (2018) 0.883[9]
very high
CurrencyPound sterling (GBP; £)
Time zoneUTC (Greenwich Mean Time)
 Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+44
ISO 3166 codeGB-WLS
Internet TLD.wales .cymru [f]
Website
wales.com
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Mark Drakeford, Welsh Government's First Minister, on television.

Wales is one of the six Celtic nations.[10] The native people of Wales, the Welsh, have their own culture and traditions. They have their own Celtic language, Welsh. Although not all Welsh people can speak Welsh, it is a real living language for about 20% of Welsh people. Nearly all Welsh people can speak English. Some of them speak only English. The Welsh language has official status in Wales.

Three million people live in Wales. Most of them live in the southern and eastern parts of the country. In this area is the capital and largest city of Wales, Cardiff, and the next largest city, Swansea.

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