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克律西波斯

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克律西波斯
克律西波斯像
出生 前280年
索利
逝世 前207年
雅典
时代 古代哲学
地区 西方哲学
学派 斯多噶学派
主要领域
逻辑学伦理学

克律西波斯(英语:Chrysippus,前280年-前207年[1]),斯多噶学派哲学家,索利的阿波罗尼乌斯之子。

生平

前260年移居雅典,在学园聆听阿尔克西拉乌斯讲学。后在克里安西斯教诲下信奉斯多噶哲学。他于公元前232年继任斯多噶学派领袖。第欧根尼·拉尔修针对他的死因给出了两个说法[2],第一个是克律西波斯在宴会上喝了未稀释的葡萄酒后,突然感到晕眩,随后即身亡。第二个说法指出当他看见一只驴子正在吃无花果,便命令奴隶给那只驴子酒喝。之后,他大笑而死[3]

参考

  1. ^ Lesley Adkins,Roy A.Adkins(1998). Handbook to Life in Ancient Greece.Oxford University Press,USA.ISBN 9780195124910.
  2. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, vii. 185
  3. ^ Laertius, Diogenes. Lives, Teachings and Sayings of the Eminent Philosophers, with an English translation by R.D. Hicks. Cambridge, Mass/London: Harvard UP/W. Heinemann Ltd. 1964-5. 

扩展阅读

  • Barnes, Jonathan, The History of Hellenistic Logic, (编) Algra, Keimpe; Barnes, Jonathan; Mansfeld, Jaap; Schofield, Malcolm, The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-521-61670-0 
  • Brunschwig, Jacques; Sedley, David, Hellenistic philosophy, (编) Sedley, David, The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, 2003, ISBN 0-521-77503-5 
  • Davidson, William Leslie, Chrysippus, (编) Hastings, James, Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics 3, T. & T. Clark, 1908 
  • Dorandi, Tiziano, Chronology, (编) Algra, Keimpe; Barnes, Jonathan; Mansfeld, Jaap; Schofield, Malcolm, The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-521-61670-0 
  • Gould, Josiah, The Philosophy of Chrysippus, SUNY, 1970, ISBN 0-87395-064-X 
  • Green, Peter, Alexander to Actium: the historical evolution of the Hellenistic age, University of California Press, 1993, ISBN 0-520-08349-0 
  • Fitzgerald, John T., Philodemus and the Papyri from Herculaneum, (编) Fitzgerald, John T.; Obbink, Dirk; Holland, Glenn Stanfield, Philodemus and the New Testament world Philosophy, BRILL, 2004, ISBN 90-04-11460-2 
  • Heath, Thomas Little, A History of Greek Mathematics, Vol 1: From Thales to Euclid, Oxford, 1921 
  • Hicks, Robert Drew, Stoic and Epicurean, C. Scribner, 1910 
  • Hicks, Robert Drew, Stoics, (编) Chisholm, Hugh, The Encyclopaedia Britannica 25, 1911 
  • Inwood, Brad; Gerson, Lloyd P., Hellenistic Philosophy: Introductory Readings, Hackett, 1997, ISBN 0-87220-378-6 
  • Johansen, Karsten Friis; Rosenmeier, Henrik, A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginnings to Augustine, Routledge, 1998, ISBN 0-415-12738-6 
  • Kenny, Anthony, Ancient Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-19-875273-3 
  • O'Toole, Robert R.; Jennings, Raymond E., The Megarians and the Stoics, (编) Gabbay, Dov; Woods, John, Handbook of the History of Logic: Greek, Indian, and Arabic logic, North Holland, 2004, ISBN 0-444-50466-4 
  • Sharples, R. W., Stoics, Epicureans and Sceptics: An Introduction to Hellenistic Philosophy, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-11035-1 
  • Stock, St. George William Joseph, Stoicism, Constable, 1908 
  • Zeller, Eduard, The Stoics, Epicureans, and Sceptics, Longmans, 1880 
  • Bobzien, Susanne, Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy, Oxford University Press, 1998, ISBN 0-199-24767-6 
  • Susanne Bobzien, (1999), Chrysippus' Theory of Causes. In K. Ierodiakonou (ed.), Topics in Stoic Philosophy, Oxford: OUP, 196-242. ISBN 0-19924-880-X
  • Émile Bréhier, (1951), Chrysippe et l'ancien stoicisme. Paris. ISBN 2-903925-06-2
  • Diogenes Laertius, (1925) Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers. Loeb Classical Library
  • Richard Dufour, (2004), Oeuvre philosophique / Chrysippe ; textes traduits et commentés par Richard Dufour Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2 volumes (logic and physics) ISBN 2-251-74203-4
  • J. B. Gould, (1970), The Philosophy of Chrysippus. SUNY press. ISBN 0-87395-064-X
  • D. E. Hahm, Chrysippus' solution to the Democritean dilemma of the cone, Isis 63 (217) (1972), 205–220.
  • H. A. Ide, Chrysippus's response to Diodorus's master argument, Hist. Philos. Logic 13 (2) (1992), 133–148.
  • Christoph Jedan (2009) Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Theological Foundations of Stoic Ethics. Continuum Studies in Ancient Philosophy. ISBN 1-4411-1252-9
  • Teun L. Tieleman (1996) Galen and Chrysippus on the Soul: Argument and Refutation in the "De Placitis" Books II–III. Philosophia Antiqua. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-10520-4
  • Teun L. Tieleman (2003) Chrysippus' "on Affections": Reconstruction and Interpretation. Philosophia Antiqua. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-12998-7

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克律西波斯
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