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慕容永

維基百科,自由的百科全書

燕末主
統治386年-394年
出生
逝世394年
全名
慕容永
年號
中興:386年十月-394年八月
政權西燕

慕容永(?-394年),字叔明十六國西燕國主,鮮卑人,是慕容部首領慕容廆之弟慕容運之孫(一說為其子),也就是前燕建立者慕容皝之堂侄。

生平

前秦建元六年(370年),前燕為前秦所滅後,鮮卑慕容部許多人人被遷往關中,慕容永因此至長安。因家中貧困,與妻子二人常在市場賣靴子維生。

建元二十年(384年),慕容泓稱王,改元燕興,西燕始。

明年,西燕慕容沖稱帝,以慕容永為將軍。

第三年,在經過一連串的政變後,慕容永擁立慕容忠為帝,被命為太尉,守尚書令,封河東公。數月後,慕容忠被將軍刁雲所殺,慕容永於是被推為大都督、大將軍、大單于、雍秦梁涼四州牧、河東王,暫對後燕慕容垂稱臣。數月後,慕容永進據長子,即皇帝位,並改元中興,並將治下慕容儁、慕容垂子孫無論男女全部殺死。慕容垂的孫子慕容盛因有先見之明先一步與叔父慕容柔、弟弟慕容會逃到後燕而得免。

中興八年(393年),後燕大舉伐西燕,明年西燕為後燕所滅,慕容永被殺。

慕容永的兒子太子慕容亮、常山公慕容弘同時被殺。

影視形象

  • 2018年電影《鳳皇傳》:葛楊曦飾慕容永

參考資料

前任:
堂侄孫慕容忠
西燕君主
386-394
繼任:
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慕容永
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