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LIBRIS

維基百科,自由的百科全書

LIBRISLIBRary Information System的縮寫,意為圖書館資訊系統,是一個瑞典聯合目錄,由位於斯德哥爾摩瑞典皇家圖書館維護[1]。瑞典共約650萬個書目,可供自由搜尋[2]

除了書目紀錄,對於每本書或出版物,LIBRIS都包含一個關於人物的作者檔案。每一個人物都有一筆紀錄,把名稱、出生日期和職業連繫到一個獨一無二的標識符。[來源請求]

這個瑞典聯合目錄的MARC Code是SE-LIBR,正常化:selibr[3]

LIBRIS的發展可以追溯至1960年代中期[4]。正當整合各圖書館是一個自二戰後困擾了二十年的問題時,1965年一個政府委員會出版一份報告,有關應用電腦於研究圖書館[5]。1965年的政府預算產生了一個研究圖書館議會(瑞典語:Forskningsbiblioteksrådet,FBR)[6]。一份初步設計文件Biblioteksadministrativt Information System (BAIS)在1970年5月出版,而LIBRIS這個從Library Information System而來的縮寫,則用於一個始於1970年7月1日的技術委員會小組[7]。自從1972年起,最新消息通訊LIBRIS-meddelandenISSN 0348-1891)開始發行[8],自從1997年起上線[9]

參考文獻

  1. ^ LIBRIS. Nationalencyklopedin. [27 July 2010]. (原始內容存檔於2012-09-21) (瑞典語). 需付費查閱
  2. ^ LIBRIS database contents. National Library of Sweden. [27 July 2010]. (原始內容存檔於2014-10-06). 
  3. ^ Library of Congress Network Development and MARC Standards Office. Search the MARC Code List for Organizations Database. Library of Congress. 5 April 2011 [22 August 2012]. (原始內容存檔於2012-08-12). 
  4. ^ Lena Olsson, Det datoriserade biblioteket. Maskindrömmar på 70-talet (1995), PhD dissertation from Linköping University, Linköping Studies in Arts and Science 121, ISSN 0282-9800, ISBN 91-7871-492-3, Abstract online頁面存檔備份,存於互聯網檔案館
  5. ^ Databehandling i forskningsbibliotek (1965; in LIBRIS頁面存檔備份,存於互聯網檔案館)), cited in Olsson (1995), p. 51.
  6. ^ Olsson (1995), p. 55.
  7. ^ Olsson (1995), p. 103.
  8. ^ Olsson (1995), p. 31.
  9. ^ LIBRIS-meddelanden. [2015-08-28]. (原始內容存檔於2012-01-15). 

外部連結

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LIBRIS
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