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中殿

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一個主教座堂平面圖,彩色區域即為中殿
一個主教座堂平面圖,彩色區域即為中殿

中殿(英語:Nave)是在羅曼式哥德式基督教隱修院主教座堂巴西利卡教堂建築中的主體構造。它以中央的方式靠近高位祭壇。中殿的英文術語nave源自中世紀拉丁文單詞navis(桅),可能是由於它的拱頂帆船龍骨類似[1]。無論是羅曼式、哥德式或者古典式的中殿,均可以從入口處通過一個獨立的前廊英語Narthex延伸至聖壇,並且可以通過中殿的拱廊再分為兩個獨立的側廊英語Aisle。如果側廊較高並且寬度與中央中殿相當,那麼該結構有時會被稱為「三中殿式」。

參考文獻

  1. ^ (英文)Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. "nave".
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中殿
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