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氰化鋁

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氰化鋁
IUPAC名
Aluminium tricyanide
識別
CAS號 87993-97-3  ✓
PubChem 21122287
ChemSpider 19984794
SMILES
性質
化學式 C3AlN3
摩爾質量 105.03 g·mol−1
若非註明,所有數據均出自一般條件(25 ℃,100 kPa)下。

氰化鋁是一種無機化合物,化學式為Al(CN)3。它可由氰化氫氫化鋁反應製得。[1]四氯合鋁酸鋰和三甲基氰矽烷在乙醚中反應,也能得到氰化鋁。[2]金屬鋁和氰化汞液氨中反應,可以得到氰化鋁的氨合物。[3]它在水中水解,生成氫氧化鋁氰化氫[1]它難溶於吡啶。[4]

AlH3+3 HCN → Al(CN)3+3 H2
Al(CN)3+3 H2OAl(OH)3+3 HCN

參考文獻

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Wittig, Georg; Bille, Heinz. Aluminum tricyanide and lithium aluminum tetracyanide. Zeitschrift fuer Naturforschung, 1951. 6B. 226. ISSN: 0372-9516.
  2. ^ Darrick Williams, Brett Pleune, Kurt Leinenweber, J. Kouvetakis. Synthesis and Structural Properties of the Binary Framework C–N Compounds of Be, Mg, Al, and Tl. Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 2001-06, 159 (1): 244–250 [2020-06-26]. doi:10.1006/jssc.2001.9192. (原始內容存檔於2018-06-04) (英語). 
  3. ^ Bergstrom, F. W. The Reaction Between Mercuric Cyanide and Certain Metals in Liquid Ammonia. Journal of the American Chemical Society. July 1924, 46 (7): 1559–1568. doi:10.1021/ja01672a002. 
  4. ^ A. V. G. Chizmeshya, C. J. Ritter, T. L. Groy, J. B. Tice, J. Kouvetakis. Synthesis of Molecular Adducts of Beryllium, Boron, and Gallium Cyanides: Theoretical and Experimental Correlations between Solid-State and Molecular Analogues. Chemistry of Materials. 2007-11, 19 (24): 5890–5901 [2020-06-26]. ISSN 0897-4756. doi:10.1021/cm071275h (英語). 
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氰化鋁
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