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疊氮化鋰

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疊氮化鋰
IUPAC名
lithium azide
識別
CAS號 19597-69-4  ☒N
PubChem 4176279
ChemSpider 79536
SMILES
InChI
性質
化學式 LiN3
摩爾質量 48.96 g·mol−1
外觀 無色結晶[1]
相關物質
其他陽離子 疊氮化鈉疊氮化鉀疊氮化銣疊氮化銫
相關化學品 氰化鈉
若非註明,所有數據均出自一般條件(25 ℃,100 kPa)下。
疊氮化鋰的晶格[2]
疊氮化鋰的晶格[2]

疊氮化鋰疊氮酸,其化學式為LiN3。它是一種不穩定且有毒的化合物,加熱時,分解成

制備

它可以透過疊氮化鈉硝酸鋰複分解反應製備:

NaN3 + LiNO3 → LiN3 + NaNO3

硫酸鋰也可以:

2 NaN3 + Li2SO4 → 2 LiN3 + Na2SO4[3]

參考文獻

  1. ^ Dale L. Perry; Sidney L. Phillips. Handbook of inorganic compounds. CRC Press. 1995: 301. ISBN 0849386713. 
  2. ^ Pringle, G. E.; Noakes, D. E. The crystal structures of lithium, sodium and strontium azides. Acta Cryst. February 1968,. B24 (2): 262–269. doi:10.1107/S0567740868002062. 
  3. ^ 存档副本. [2011-08-11]. (原始內容存檔於2011-07-27). 
  1. Hofman-Bang, Niels; Bjerrum, Jannik; Gloor, U.; Magnéli, Arne; Magnéli, Arne; Pestmalis, Herbert; Åsbrink, Stig. Preparation of Lithium Azide. Acta Chemica Scandinavica. 1957, 11: 581. doi:10.3891/acta.chem.scand.11-0581. 
  2. Younk, Edward H.; Kunz, A. Barry. An ab initio investigation of the electronic structure of lithium azide (LiN3), sodium azide (NaN3), and lead azide [Pb(N3)2]. International Journal of Quantum Chemistry. 1997, 63: 615. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-461X(1997)63:3<615::AID-QUA2>3.0.CO;2-Z. 
  3. Gordienko, A.B.; Poplavnoi, A.S. The Application of ab-initio Linear Combination of Pseudo-Atomic-Orbital Scheme for the Electronic Structure of Lithium Azide LiN3. Physica status solidi (b). 1997, 202: 941. doi:10.1002/1521-3951(199708)202:2<941::AID-PSSB941>3.0.CO;2-K. 
  4. Zhu, W; Xiao, J; Xiao, H. Density functional theory study of the structural and optical properties of lithium azide. Chemical Physics Letters. 2006, 422: 117. doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2006.02.017. 
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疊氮化鋰
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