2的冪 - Wikiwand

# 2的冪

## 維基百科，自由的百科全書

2的冪是指符合${\displaystyle 2^{n))$型式，而${\displaystyle n}$也是整數的數，也就是底數2指數為整數 n

## 表示方法

• ${\displaystyle 2^{n))$
• ${\displaystyle 2\uparrow n}$
• ${\displaystyle 2[3]n}$
• 2 ^ n
• 2 ** n
• power(2, n)
• 2的n次冪
• 2的n次方

## 與2的冪有關的數字

• 比某一個21素數數學上被稱為梅森素數；例如數字3是最小的梅森素數（${\displaystyle 3=4-1=2^{2}-1}$）。
• 比某一個2的冪大1的素數在數學上被稱為費馬素數；如數字3也是最小的費馬素數（${\displaystyle 3=2+1=2^{1}+1}$）。
• 一個以2的冪為分母分數被稱為二進有理數
• 可以表示為連續正整數被稱為禮貌數，這些數則是完全不含2的冪的數。

## 2的冪的列表（部分）

${\displaystyle 2^{n},n\in [0,101],n\in Z}$

 20 = 1 212 = 4,096 224 = 16,777,216 236 = 68,719,476,736 248 = 281,474,976,710,656 260 = 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 272 = 4,722,366,482,869,645,213,696 284 = 19,342,813,113,834,066,795,298,816 296 = 79,228,162,514,264,337,593,540,590,336 21 = 2 213 = 8,192 225 = 33,554,432 237 = 137,438,953,472 249 = 562,949,953,421,312 261 = 2,305,843,009,213,693,952 273 = 9,444,732,965,739,290,427,392 285 = 38.685,626,227,668,133,590,597,632 297 = 158,456,325,028,528,675,187,087,900,672 22 = 4 214 = 16,384 226 = 67,108,864 238 = 274,877,906,944 250 = 1,125,899,906,842,624 262 = 4,611,686,018,427,387,904 274 = 18,889,465,931,478,580,854,784 286 = 77,371,252,455,336,267,181,195,264 298 = 316,912,650,057,057,350,374,175,081,344 23 = 8 215 = 32,768 227 = 134,217,728 239 = 549,755,813,888 251 = 2,251,799,813,685,248 263 9,223,372,036,854,775,808 275 = 37,778,931,862,957,161,709,568 287 = 154,742,504,910,672,534,362,390,528 299 = 633,825,300,114,114,700,748,351,602,688 24 = 16 216 = 65,536 228 = 268,435,456 240 = 1,099,511,627,776 252 = 4,503,599,627,370,496 264 = 18,446,744,073,709,551,616 276 = 75,557,863,725,914,323,419,136 288 = 309,485,009,821,345,068,724,781,056 2100 = 1,267,650,600,228,229,401,496,703,205,376 25 = 32 217 = 131,072 229 = 536,870,912 241 = 2,199,023,255,552 253 = 9,007,199,254,740,992 265 = 36,893,488,147,419,103,232 277 = 151,115,727,451,828,646,838,272 289 = 618,970,019,642,690,137,449,562,112 2101 = 2,535,351,200,456,458,802,993,306,410,752 26 = 64 218 = 262,144 230 = 1,073,741,824 242 = 4,398,046,511,104 254 = 18,014,398,509,481,984 266 = 73,786,976,294,838,206,464 278 = 302,231,454,903,657,293,676,544 290 = 1,237,940,039,285,380,274,899,124,224 27 = 128 219 = 524,288 231 = 2,147,483,648 243 = 8,796,093,022,208 255 = 36,028,797,018,963,968 267 = 147,573,952,589,676,412,928 279 = 604,462,909,817,314,587,353,088 291 = 2,475,880,078,570,760,549,798,248,448 28 = 256 220 = 1,048,576 232 = 4,294,967,296 244 = 17,592,186,044,416 256 = 72,057,594,037,927,936 268 = 295,147,905,179,352,825,856 280 = 1,208,925,819,614,629,174,706,176 292 = 4,951,760,157,141,521,099,596,496,896 29 = 512 221 = 2,097,152 233 = 8,589,934,592 245 = 35,184,372,088,832 257 = 144,115,188,075,855,872 269 = 590,295,810,358,705,651,712 281 = 2,417,851,639,229,258,349,412,352 293 = 9,903,520,314,283,042,199192,993,792 210 = 1,024 222 = 4,194,304 234 = 17,179,869,184 246 = 70,368,744,177,664 258 = 288,230,376,151,711,744 270 = 1,180,591,620,717,411,303,424 282 = 4,835,703,278,458,516,698,824,704 294 19,807,040,628,566,084,398,385,987,584 211 = 2,048 223 = 8,388,608 235 = 34,359,738,368 247 = 140,737,488,355,328 259 = 576,460,752,303,423,488 271 = 2,361,183,241,434,822,606,848 283 = 9,671,406,556,917,033,397,649,408 295 39,614,081,257,132,168,796,771,975,168
21 = 2
22 = 4
24 = 16
28 = 256
216 = 65,536
232 = 4,294,967,296
264 = 18,446,744,073,709,551,616
2128 = 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456
2256 = 115,792,089,237,316,195,423,570,985,008,687,907,853,269,984,665,640,564,039,457,584,007,913,129,639,936

## 參考資料

1. ^ Lipschutz, Seymour. Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of Essential Computer Mathematics. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1982: 3. ISBN 0-07-037990-4.
2. ^ Sewell, Michael J. Mathematics Masterclasses. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1997: 78. ISBN 0-19-851494-8.