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一般条件

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一般状态一般条件(英语:normal temperature and pressure, NTP)指的是化学中的物质的在气压1(bar)(100千帕)下得到的物理状态。这里的气温单位最近[何时?]国际纯化学和应用化学联合会(IUPAC)修改为1标准大气压。物质标准可以在任何给出的温度下定义。当一条化学反应使用标准状态时表明所有溶液、液体和固体,莫耳浓度为1mol/L或者1mol/kg。

对于给定的物质,标准状态对比热力学状态如所谓的吉布斯能和其他标准等的参考状态。元素的标准莫耳生成热在标准状态时等于0。

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一般条件
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