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事实

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事实是事情的真实情形[1],它 可以指在过去已发生的事件,亦可指被验证成立且中立的陈述,在科学中指可证明的概念[2][3]传闻不可当作事实。

确认事实的真实性的过程,称为事实查核

词源及使用

英文

英文的“Fact”一词来自拉丁文中的Factum,在英文中首次使用时意思是“一件事已经完成或者演出(a thing done or performed)”,即是现时经已过时[4]。从十六世纪开始,意思是“事情真的发生”或者“是这样”,是现时最常用的用法[5]

“Fact”有时解作“现实”或是“真理”,区别于“结论”及“意见”,例如“事实的问题”[6]及“……没有历史、不是事实,但是有想像力”。

“事实”也包括“正在讨论会是正确的问题”,例如有争议的问题(例如:“问题的事实是……”)[7][8]

中文

在中文,“事实”意思是“事件真实的情形”。[1]

相关条目

参考资料

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 《教育部新編國語辭典》對「事實」的解釋. [2021-02-03]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-18). 
  2. ^ Definition from WordNetweb.Princeton. [2010-08-05]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-02). 
  3. ^ fact - Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. [2008-10-15]. (原始内容存档于2020-12-12). 
  4. ^ "Fact". OED_2d_Ed_1989, (但注意不同用法: after the factbefore the fact).
  5. ^ "Fact" (1a). OED_2d_Ed_1989 Joye Exp. Dan. xi. Z vij b, Let emprours and kinges know this godly kynges fact. 1545
  6. ^ "Fact" (4a) OED_2d_Ed_1989
  7. ^ "Fact" (6c). OED_2d_Ed_1989
  8. ^ (参见"Matter" (2,6). Compact_OED)
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事实
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