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亚美尼亚历法

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亚美尼亚历法亚美尼亚使用的传统历法,来自于古埃及的历法系统,是一种阳历,将一年分为12个月,每月30天,最后再加5天,不属于任何一个月,因此每年有365天,但不设置闰年,所以和公历逐渐产生差异,在9世纪时,亚美尼亚历的第一个月是在春季开始时,但到现在已经逐渐推移,2020年是亚美尼亚历的1470年,第一个月是从公历7月26日开始的。

亚美尼亚历的是用亚美尼亚文编号表示,如2006年为亚美尼亚历的1455年,表示为ԹՎ ՌՆԾԵ,其中ԹՎt’vin)的意思就是“年”,ՌՆԾԵ为1455。

亚美尼亚历的的名称,受琐罗亚斯德教的影响,各月名称如下:

1. նաւասարդ Nawasardi(源自阿维斯陀语*nava sarəδa,意思为“新年”)
2. հոռի hoṙi(源自格鲁吉亚语 ორი (ori),意思为“二”)
3.սահմի Sahmi(源自格鲁吉亚语 სამი (sami),意思为“三”)
4.տրէ Trē(源自琐罗亚斯德教的神名,Tïr(Tištrya)“蒂尔”)
5.քաղոց K’ałoch(源于古亚美尼亚语 քաղեմ (kʿałem) 意思为“采集月”)
6.արաց Arach` (源于古亚美尼亚语արաց,“收获时节”)
7.մեհեկան Mehekani(源自琐罗亚斯德教的神名,全意“米特罗的节日”)
8.արեգ Areg(意思为“太阳月”词源为古亚美尼亚语արեւ(arew) [1]页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)))
9.ահեկան Ahekani(源自琐罗亚斯德教的神名,Ātarō*āhrakān-阿塔罗 )
10.մարերի Mareri(意思为“年中”来自阿维思陀语maiδyaīrya
11.մարգաց margacʿ(源自琐罗亚斯德教的神名,“沃胡曼”)
12.հրոտից hroticʿ(意思为“加闰日的月”)

亚美尼亚历中每月各天也有自己的名称,如下: 1. Areg(太阳),2. Hrand,3. Aram,4. Margar(先知),5. Ahrank’(正燃烧),6. Mazdeł,7. Astłik(金星),8. Mihr琐罗亚斯德教的神名,“米斯拉”),9. Jopaber, 10. Murç(胜利),11. Erezhan(隐士),12. Ani(天神),13. Parxar, 14. Vanat, 15. Aramazd琐罗亚斯德教的神名,“马自达”),16. Mani(开始),17. Asak(无始),18. Masis亚拉拉特山),19. Anahit(水神),20. Aragac,21. Gorgor,22. Kordi(古代亚美尼亚地区),23. Cmak(东风),24. Lusnak(半月),25. C̣rōn(偏移),26.Npat(河神),27. Vahagn(大力神),28. Sēin(山),29. Varag,30. Gišeravar(黄昏星)。增加的5天名称为aveleacʿ

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亚美尼亚历法
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