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凯尔特布立吞人

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公元一世纪早中期的大不列颠,直至到盎格鲁-撒克逊王国建立前为止。   主要古布立吞语流通地区   主要皮克特语流通地区   主要戈伊德尔语流通地区
公元一世纪早中期的大不列颠,直至到盎格鲁-撒克逊王国建立前为止。
  主要古布立吞语流通地区
  主要皮克特语流通地区
  主要戈伊德尔语流通地区

凯尔特布立吞人英语:Celtic Britons)又称古布立吞人(Ancient Britons),是一个古代凯尔特人的分支,存在于盎格鲁-撒克逊入侵之前的史前不列颠罗马不列颠时期,是居住于大不列颠岛福斯河以南地区的原住民。凯尔特布立吞人存在于大不列颠岛的最早证据可以追溯到不列颠铁器时代[1]

凯尔特布立吞人所使用的海岛凯尔特语语言被现代语言学家称为古布立吞语(Old Brittonic)或“普通布立吞语”(Common Brittonic)。在公元1世纪罗马人征服大不列颠中南部并建立殖民行省后,罗马-不列颠文化出现,于是不列颠拉丁语就跟本土的古布立吞语以及同属海岛凯尔特语的皮克特语盖尔语共存[2]。在西罗马帝国灭亡后,不列颠行省被撤销,源自日德兰半岛盎格鲁-撒克逊人借机入侵并征服了大不列颠南部,凯尔特布立吞人被大量清洗驱逐同化古英语也取代了古布立吞语成为大不列颠中南部的主流通用语,只有威尔士康沃尔等地(以及布列塔尼人德文地区跨海迁移到的布列塔尼半岛)保留了一些布立吞语方言。

另见

资料来源

  1. ^ Koch, pp. 291–292.
  2. ^ Sawyer, P.H. From Roman Britain to Norman England. 1998: 69–74. ISBN 0415178940. 

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凯尔特布立吞人
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